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The central amygdala (CeA) plays a role in the relationship among stress, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), and alcohol abuse. In whole-cell recordings, both CRF and ethanol enhanced gamma-aminobutyric acid-mediated (GABAergic) neurotransmission in CeA neurons from wild-type and CRF2 receptor knockout mice, but not CRF1 receptor knockout mice. CRF1 (but(More)
We examined the interaction of ethanol with the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic system in neurons of slices of the rat central amygdala nucleus (CeA), a brain region thought to be critical for the reinforcing effects of ethanol. Brief superfusion of 11-66 mM ethanol significantly increased GABA type A (GABA(A)) receptor-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic(More)
Immunocytochemical and electrophysiological evidence suggests that somatostatin may be a transmitter in the hippocampus. To characterize the ionic mechanisms underlying somatostatin effects, voltage-clamp and current-clamp studies on single CA1 pyramidal neurons in the hippocampal slice preparation were performed. Both somatostatin-28 and somatostatin-14(More)
Studies have revealed that the amygdala formation is involved in emotional learning, attention, and autonomic functions. Although intra-amygdala connections have been described anatomically, the functional characteristics of these connections are not well understood. We used a rat brain slice preparation with a voltage-sensitive imaging system to compare(More)
Amnesia is one of the most common consequences of seizures. We modelled this phenomenon in the in vitro hippocampal slice preparation by examining effects of seizure-like activity on long-term potentiation (LTP). LTP is an expression of neuronal plasticity which has been correlated with learning. Electrographic seizures (EGSs) were induced in area CA1 by(More)
Previous behavioral studies have shown that neuropeptides intrinsic to the amygdala formation can alter fear and anxiety states. We have previously shown that the anxiogenic neuropeptide cholecystokinin (CCK) increases inhibitory neurotransmission in basolateral amygdala. We have since observed that CCK induces synchronized rhythmic activity composed of(More)
We have combined electrophysiology and immunohistochemistry to study the somatostatin (SS) innervation of neurons in the rat hippocampal slice. After recording the intracellular response of a pyramidal CA1 neuron in vitro to SS, Lucifer Yellow was injected into the cell and the slice fixed and processed for immunohistochemical localization of SS in the(More)
The impairment of learning and memory is one of the most powerful and least understood effects of marijuana although the hippocampal formation appears to be one CNS region mediating these effects. We have shown that systemic injection of Delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), an active component of marijuana, impairs spatial learning more efficaciously in(More)
Endogenous opioid systems are implicated in the reinforcing effects of ethanol consumption. For example, delta opioid receptor (DOR) knockout (KO) mice show greater ethanol consumption than wild-type (WT) mice (Roberts et al., 2001). To explore the neurobiological correlates underlying these behaviors, we examined effects of acute ethanol application in(More)