Scott Michelson

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Chemokines play a major role in inflammatory responses and affect hematopoiesis both negatively and positively. We show that fresh isolates and laboratory strains (Towne and Ad-169) of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) induce production of the CC chemokine RANTES in fibroblasts. Induction of extracellular RANTES production occurred as early as 8 h after(More)
Increases in transforming growth factor beta1 (TGF-beta1) mRNA and biological activity in the early phase of human cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in fibroblasts are paralleled by increased TGF-beta1-chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) reporter gene activity. To determine how CMV infection transactivates the TGF-beta1 promoter, we examined the effects(More)
The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) US28 gene product, pUS28, is a G protein-coupled receptor that interacts with both CC and CX(3)C chemokines. To date, the role of pUS28 in immune evasion and cell migration has been studied only in cell types that can establish productive HCMV infection. We show that HCMV can latently infect THP-1 monocytes and that during(More)
PURPOSE Human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells and endothelial cells (HUVECs) are targets of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in vivo with significantly protracted replication in vitro compared with that in fibroblasts. This study analyzes the kinetics and mechanisms of HCMV entry into both cell types. METHODS RPE cells were obtained from(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (CMV), a herpesvirus, is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised patients. When studying hyper-immediate-early events after contact between CMV virions and the cell membrane, we observed a hypophosphorylation of cellular proteins within 10 min. This can be explained in part by our finding that purified CMV(More)
In permissive cells, human cytomegalovirus encodes the protein US28, a functional CC chemokine receptor. US28 polyadenylated mRNA could be detected by RT-PCR as early as 2 h post-infection. US28 mRNA appeared after major IE1 transcripts (UL123), but before transcripts of the early genes pp65 (UL83) and gB (UL55), and the late gene pp150 (UL32). This(More)
Modern web services such as Facebook are made up of hundreds of systems running in geographically-distributed data centers. Each system needs to be allocated capacity, configured, and tuned to use data center resources efficiently. Keeping a model of capacity allocation current is challenging given that user behavior and software components evolve(More)
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