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BACKGROUND Dopamine concentrations in the nucleus accumbens fluctuate on phasic (subsecond) and tonic (over minutes) timescales in awake rats. Acute ethanol increases tonic concentrations of dopamine, but its effect on subsecond dopamine transients has not been fully explored. METHODS We measured tonic and phasic dopamine fluctuations in the nucleus(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor complex in brain is a glutamate receptor subtype with several recognition sites including a glycine site that is able to modulate and activate allosterically the receptor. This receptor may be important in the regulation of developmental synaptic plasticity. The release of glutamate and consequent overstimulation of(More)
This experiment showed that phoria-induced displacement adds to or subtracts from prism-induced displacement. A near stimulus (25 cm) was apparently displaced more than the optical displacement when the base of a prism was out and less when the base was in. In contrast, a far stimulus (200 cm) was displaced less when the base was out and more when the base(More)
1. Homogenates of human infant and adult temporal cortex were used to measure [3H]-TCP and [3H]-MK-801 binding to the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-coupled ion channel phencyclidine site. 2. Both [3H]-TCP and [3H]-MK-801 binding increased in infant cortex by > 100% between term and 26 weeks suggesting that the numbers of NMDA receptors increase during(More)
Polyamines regulate cell division in developing brain. Neuronal membranes and the NMDA receptor have polyamine binding or functional sites. We have visualized [3H]spermidine binding in human cerebellum sections. Autoradiographs showed high specific [3H]spermidine binding in granule cell layer and low binding in molecular layer in neonate, infant and adult(More)
In vitro autoradiography and test-tube assay of the sodium-dependent binding of D-[3H]aspartate were used to localize and quantify the uptake site for the excitatory amino acid neurotransmitters glutamate and aspartate in the cerebellar cortex of human cerebellar hemispheres. Autoradiograms revealed a pronounced heterogeneity in the distribution of(More)
The binding of D-[3H]aspartate to the specific uptake site for the excitatory amino acids glutamate and aspartate was measured in homogenates of temporal lobe cortex taken at postmortem from 76 human infant and adult brains. Binding levels were very low in brains of preterm and term infants but increased rapidly during the first 20 postnatal weeks to reach(More)
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