Scott M. Alter

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INTRODUCTION This study proposes that intranasal (IN) naloxone administration is preferable to intravenous (IV) naloxone by emergency medical services for opioid overdoses. Our study attempts to establish that IN naloxone is as effective as IV naloxone but without the risk of needle exposure. We also attempt to validate the use of the Glasgow Coma Scale(More)
INTRODUCTION Naloxone's use in cardiac arrest has been of recent interest, stimulated by conflicting results in both human case reports and animal studies demonstrating antiarrhythmic and positive ionotropic effects. We hypothesized that naloxone administration during cardiac arrest, in suspected opioid overdosed patients, is associated with a change in(More)
INTRODUCTION Aortic dissection is a rare event. While the most frequent symptom is chest pain, that is a common emergency department (ED) chief complaint and other diseases causing chest pain occur much more often. Furthermore, 20% of dissections are without chest pain and 6% are painless. For these reasons, diagnosing dissections may be challenging. Our(More)
OBJECTIVES Nosocomial infections are a large burden to both patients and health care organizations, causing hospitals to take measures in an attempt to reduce microorganism transmission. Patients treated by emergency medical services are one population that has not been studied regarding infection rates. This study examines admitted patients treated by(More)
BACKGROUND An element lacking in medical education is training to estimate blood volumes. Therefore, health care workers currently use visual estimation as their only means of determining blood volumes, which has shown to be highly inaccurate. This study proposes and tests a new method using one's fist to determine external blood loss. METHODS Increments(More)
BACKGROUND Radiation concerns are changing the way emergency physicians evaluate patients. This is especially prevalent in pediatrics, and exemplified by abdominal pain management. Large academic center-based studies suggest appendix ultrasound (U/S) is sensitive and specific for appendicitis, with low nondiagnostic rates. OBJECTIVES We sought to(More)
OBJECTIVE Pediatric abdominal pain is commonly evaluated in the emergency department (ED) initially by ultrasonography (U/S). Radiology reports often include commentary about U/S limitations and possible need for additional testing or evaluation independent of study interpretation. We sought to determine if presence of a "disclaimer" is associated with(More)
A leading cause of maternal mortality in the first trimester is hemorrhage due to a ruptured ectopic pregnancy. With the advent of tube salvage surgery, ectopic pregnancies can be removed while ensuring hemostasis and preserving the integrity of the fallopian tube. A major drawback of tube salvage surgery is the significant risk of persistent trophoblastic(More)