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BACKGROUND Sports-related concussions (SRC) among high school and collegiate athletes represent a significant public health concern. The Concussion in Sport Group (CIS) recommended greater caution regarding return to play with children and adolescents. We hypothesized that younger athletes would take longer to return to neurocognitive baseline than older(More)
OBJECT Up to 16% of children in the US between the ages of 3 and 17 years have either attention deficit-spectrum disorder or a learning disability (LD). Sports-related concussions among youth athletes represent a significant public health concern, and neurocognitive testing is a method to evaluate the severity of cognitive impairment and recovery after a(More)
OBJECT Several studies have suggested a gender difference in response to sports-related concussion (SRC). The Concussion in Sport group did not include gender as a modifying factor in SRC, concluding that the evidence at that point was equivocal. In the present study the authors endeavored to assess acute neurocognitive and symptom responses to an SRC in(More)
OBJECT The authors' goal was to better define the relationship between biomechanical parameters of a helmeted collision and the likelihood of concussion. METHODS The English-language literature was reviewed in search of scholarly articles describing the rotational and translational accelerations observed during all monitored impact conditions that(More)
BACKGROUND There has been a transition to using patient-reported outcome instruments (PROi) to assess surgical effectiveness. However, none of these instruments have been validated for outcomes of adult Chiari I malformation (CMI). OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine the relative validity and responsiveness of various PROi in measuring(More)
UNLABELLED The proportion of the population over age 65 in the United States continues to increase over time, from 12% in 2000 to a projected 20% by 2030. There is an associated rise in the prevalence of degenerative spinal disorders with this aging population. This will lead to an increase in demand for both nonsurgical and surgical treatment for these(More)
Changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF), pial arteriolar diameter, and arterial blood pressure, gases, and pH were examined before and for 3 hours after fluid-percussion brain injury in alpha-chloralose-anesthetized piglets. The brain injury was induced by a percussion of 2.28 +/- 0.06 atm applied for 23.7 +/- 0.5 msec to the right parietal cortex. Regional(More)
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage occurs in approximately 30,000 persons in the United States each year. Around 30 percent of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage suffer from cerebral ischemia and infarction due to cerebral vasospasm, a leading cause of treatable death and disability following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Methods used to(More)
Cerebral vasospasm (CVS) is a potentially lethal complication of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Recently, the symptomatic presentation of CVS has been termed delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI), occurring as early as 3-4 days after the sentinel bleed. For the past 5-6 decades, scientific research has promulgated the theory that cerebral vasospasm(More)
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE The purposes of this paper are to review: (1) the history of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in sports, (2) the similarities and differences between historic and current definitions of CTE, (3) recent epidemiology and cohort studies of CTE and (4) controversies regarding the current CTE positions. RESEARCH DESIGN Not applicable.(More)