Scott L. Townley

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Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as useful non-invasive markers of disease. The objective of this study was to use a mouse model of prostate cancer as a tool to discover serum miRNAs that could be assessed in a clinical setting. Global miRNA profiling identified 46 miRNAs at significantly altered levels (p ≤ 0.05) in the serum of TRansgenic(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as promising biomarkers for prostate cancer. Here, we investigated the potential of these molecules to assist in prognosis and treatment decision-making. METHODS MicroRNAs in the serum of patients who had experienced rapid biochemical recurrence (BCR) (n=8) or no recurrence (n=8) following radical(More)
The development of lethal, castration resistant prostate cancer is associated with adaptive changes to the androgen receptor (AR), including the emergence of mutant receptors and truncated, constitutively active AR variants. AR relies on the molecular chaperone HSP90 for its function in both normal and malignant prostate cells, but the requirement for HSP90(More)
Chemokines are essential for homeostasis and activation of the immune system. The chemokine ligand/receptor pairing CCL20/CCR6 is interesting because these molecules display characteristics of both homeostatic and activation functions. These dual characteristics suggest a role for CCR6 in the priming and effector phases of the immune response. However,(More)
The epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) is essential for sodium homoeostasis in many epithelia. ENaC activity is required for lung fluid clearance in newborn animals and for maintenance of blood volume and blood pressure in adults. In vitro studies show that the ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-2 ubiquitinates ENaC to regulate its cell surface expression. Here we show(More)
There is a direct correlation between dermal mast cell prevalence in dorsal skin of different mouse strains and susceptibility to UVB-induced systemic immunosuppression; highly UV-susceptible C57BL/6 mice have a high dermal mast cell prevalence while BALB/c mice, which require considerable UV radiation for 50% immunosuppression, have a low mast cell(More)
Serum levels of miR-194 have been reported to predict prostate cancer recurrence after surgery, but its functional contributions to this disease have not been studied. Herein, it is demonstrated that miR-194 is a driver of prostate cancer metastasis. Prostate tissue levels of miR-194 were associated with disease aggressiveness and poor outcome. Ectopic(More)
The Class IA phosphoinositide 3-kinase delta (PI3Kδ) has been implicated in multiple signaling pathways involved in leukocyte activation and hence is an attractive target in many human autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis (MS). Here, using mice expressing a catalytically inactive form of the PI3Kδ subunit p110δ, we show that signaling through(More)
Objective: To examine the effect of topically applied tea tree oil (TTO) on histamine-induced oedema in the ears of mice.¶Methods and results: For BALB/c mice, 10 μ undiluted TTO applied immediately after, but not 30 min before intradermal injection of 600 μg histamine in 10 μl, significantly suppressed oedema development. TTO applied after histamine(More)
Chemokines regulate lymphocyte trafficking under physiologic and pathologic conditions. In this study, we have investigated the role of CXCR3 and CXCR4 in the activation of T lymphocytes and their migration to the central nervous system (CNS) using novel mutant chemokines to antagonize CXCR3 and CXCR4 specifically. A series of truncation mutants of CXCL11,(More)