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MscL is a channel that opens a large pore in the Escherichia coli cytoplasmic membrane in response to mechanical stress. Previously, we highly enriched the MscL protein by using patch clamp as a functional assay and cloned the corresponding gene. The predicted protein contains a largely hydrophobic core spanning two-thirds of the molecule and a more(More)
Traditional Fourier MR imaging (FT MRI) utilizes the Whittaker-Kotel'nikov-Shannon (WKS) sampling theorem. This theorem specifies the spatial frequency components which need to be measured to reconstruct an image with a known field of view (FOV). In this paper, we generalize this result in order to find the optimal k-space sampling for images that vanish(More)
With conventional Fourier transform (FT) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), it is difficult to perform contrast-enhanced three-dimensional (3D) MR angiography (MRA) with the temporal and spatial resolution necessary to depict the carotid arteries. However, locally focused (LF) MRI is a more efficient method that utilizes prior knowledge of the image content(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the signal to noise ratio (SNR) and contrast to noise ratio (CNR) performance of 0.05 mmol/kg gadoxetic acid and 0.1 mmol/kg gadobenate dimeglumine for dynamic and hepatobiliary phase imaging. In addition, flip angles (FA) that maximize relative contrast-to-noise performance for hepatobiliary phase imaging were determined. MATERIALS(More)
Geometric distortions and poor image resolution are well known shortcomings of single-shot echo-planar imaging (ss-EPI). Yet, due to the motion immunity of ss-EPI, it remains the most common sequence for diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Moreover, both navigated DW interleaved EPI (iEPI) and parallel imaging (PI) methods, such as sensitivity encoding(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the utility of a free-breathing ultrashort echo time (UTE) sequence for the evaluation of small pulmonary nodules in oncology patients by using a hybrid positron emission tomography (PET)/magnetic resonance (MR) imaging system and to compare the nodule detection rate between UTE and a conventional three-dimensional(More)
PURPOSE To optimize 3D radial ultrashort echo time MRI for high resolution whole-lung imaging. METHODS 3D radial ultrashort echo time was implemented on a 3T scanner to investigate the effects of: (1) limited field-of-view excitation, (2) variable density readouts, and (3) radial oversampling. Improvements in noise performance and spatial resolution were(More)
Pulmonary hypertension is a condition of varied etiology, commonly associated with poor clinical outcome. Patients are categorized on the basis of pathophysiological, clinical, radiologic, and therapeutic similarities. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is often diagnosed late in its disease course, with outcome dependent on etiology, disease severity,(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effectiveness of MR angiography for pulmonary embolism (MRA-PE) in symptomatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS We retrospectively reviewed all patients whom were evaluated for possible pulmonary embolism (PE) using MRA-PE. A 3-month and 1-year from MRA-PE electronic medical record (EMR) review was performed. Evidence for venous(More)
PURPOSE To determine optimal delay times and flip angles for T1-weighted hepatobiliary imaging at 1.5 Tesla (T) with gadoxetic acid and to demonstrate the feasibility of using a high-resolution navigated optimized T1-weighted pulse sequence to evaluate biliary disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eight healthy volunteers were scanned at 1.5T using a T1-weighted(More)