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Traditional Fourier MR imaging (FT MRI) utilizes the Whittaker-Kotel'nikov-Shannon (WKS) sampling theorem. This theorem specifies the spatial frequency components which need to be measured to reconstruct an image with a known field of view (FOV). In this paper, we generalize this result in order to find the optimal k-space sampling for images that vanish(More)
Geometric distortions and poor image resolution are well known shortcomings of single-shot echo-planar imaging (ss-EPI). Yet, due to the motion immunity of ss-EPI, it remains the most common sequence for diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). Moreover, both navigated DW interleaved EPI (iEPI) and parallel imaging (PI) methods, such as sensitivity encoding(More)
The advent of gadolinium-based "hepatobiliary" contrast agents offers new opportunities for diagnostic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and has triggered great interest for innovative imaging approaches to the liver and bile ducts. In this review article we discuss the imaging properties of the two gadolinium-based hepatobiliary contrast agents currently(More)
Certain interventional MR procedures would benefit from T2-weighted imaging because of the sensitivity of T2-weighted images to tissue damage and target lesion contrast. To acquire such images with reasonable temporal resolution, a single-shot acquisition should be used because of the inherently long TR needed for T2 weighting. Unfortunately, most scanners(More)
Multiple-region MRI (mrMRI) represents a generalization of the Shannon sampling theorem to permit sparse k-space sampling whenever the scanned object or its high-contrast edges are confined to multiple known regions. Use of an optimal mrMRI sampling pattern produces an image with root-mean-squared (RMS) noise over the supporting regions equal to the RMS(More)
PURPOSE To optimize 3D radial ultrashort echo time MRI for high resolution whole-lung imaging. METHODS 3D radial ultrashort echo time was implemented on a 3T scanner to investigate the effects of: (1) limited field-of-view excitation, (2) variable density readouts, and (3) radial oversampling. Improvements in noise performance and spatial resolution were(More)
PURPOSE To assess the feasibility of spatial-temporal constrained reconstruction for accelerated regional lung perfusion using highly undersampled dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) three-dimensional (3D) radial MRI with ultrashort echo time (UTE). METHODS A combined strategy was used to accelerate DCE MRI for 3D pulmonary perfusion with whole lung coverage.(More)
The purpose of this work was to use 3D radial ultrashort echo time (UTE) MRI to perform whole-lung oxygen-enhanced (OE) imaging in humans. Eight healthy human subjects underwent two 3D radial UTE MRI acquisitions (TE = 0.08 ms): one while breathing 21% O2 and the other while breathing 100% O2. Scans were each performed over 5 min of free breathing, using(More)