Scott J. Young

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Variability in quantitative gait data arises from many potential sources, including natural temporal dynamics of neuromotor control, pathologies of the neurological or musculoskeletal systems, the effects of aging, as well as variations in the external environment, assistive devices, instrumentation or data collection methodologies. In light of this(More)
Studies suggest that dystonia is associated with increased motor cortex excitability. Cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation can temporarily reduce motor cortex excitability. To test whether stimulation of the motor cortex can reduce dystonic symptoms in children, we measured tracking performance and muscle overflow using an electromyogram(More)
Electrical stimulation of the substantia nigra of rats elicits a burst of small amplitude waves with a latency of 4–6 ms that may last for 10–15 ms throughout much of the neostriatum. Frontal cortex stimulation also elicits a burst response, which can occlude the substantia nigra response. The substantia nigra evoked burst response was still present after(More)
Increased motor cortex excitability is a common finding in dystonia, and transcranial direct current stimulation can reduce motor cortex excitability. In an earlier study, we found that cathodal direct-current stimulation decreased motor overflow for some children with dystonia. To investigate this observation further, we performed a sham-controlled,(More)
Abnormal motor cortex activity is common in dystonia. Cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation may alter cortical activity by decreasing excitability while anodal stimulation may increase motor learning. Previous results showed that a single session of cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation can improve symptoms in childhood dystonia. Here(More)
BACKGROUND Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the globus pallidus internus (GPi) is a treatment for severe childhood-onset dystonia. A common challenge for clinicians is determining which contacts of the DBS electrode to stimulate in order to provide maximum future benefit to the patient. OBJECTIVE To characterize how the cortical responses to DBS relate to(More)
A method using gel permeation and Florisil column chromatographic cleanup techniques is described for determination of residues of nonpolar organohalogen pesticides and pesticide alteration products in vegetable oils and their refinery by-products. Supplemental Florisil separation and alkali cleanup techniques are used to facilitate determinations. Residues(More)
Although many studies have supported P. M. Fitts's (1954) law as a description of the speed-accuracy trade-off for speeded movements, there has been a lack of research regarding movement duration for target-directed movements made at any other pace. In the present study, the duration of movements made at a naturally selected comfortable pace and a quick(More)
Several studies have shown that humans exhibit an intimate knowledge of prospective motor actions when imagining and planning movements. To probe this knowledge, we used a 2-alternative forced-choice task to determine whether people are consistent with Fitts’s law when choosing the movement they perceive to require the least movement time. We hypothesized(More)
The role of dopamine D1 heteroreceptors located on the axon terminals of striatonigral neurons was investigated. Local infusion of the direct acting, specific dopamine D1 agonist, R-SKF 38393, into the substantia nigra terminal field of antidromically identified neostriatal projection neurons decreased the electrical excitability of these axons. This effect(More)