Scott J. Hempson

Learn More
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a lethal disorder characterized by progressive expansion of renal cysts. Genetic mutations associated with PKD are thought to disrupt intracellular Ca2+ regulation, leading to abnormal proliferation of tubule epithelial cells. cAMP stimulates the B-Raf/MEK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (B-Raf/MEK/ERK) pathway and(More)
cAMP can be either mitogenic or anti-mitogenic, depending on the cell type. We demonstrated previously that cAMP inhibited the proliferation of normal renal epithelial cells and stimulated the proliferation of cells derived from the cysts of polycystic kidney disease (PKD) patients. The protein products of the genes causing PKD, polycystin-1 and(More)
Regulation of intracellular Ca(2+) mobilization has been associated with the functions of polycystin-1 (PC1) and polycystin-2 (PC2), the protein products of the PKD1 and PKD2 genes. We have now demonstrated that PC1 can activate the calcineurin/NFAT (nuclear factor of activated T-cells) signaling pathway through Galpha(q) -mediated activation of(More)
Rotaviruses infect epithelial cells of the small intestine, but the pathophysiology of the resulting severe diarrhea is incompletely understood. Histological damage to intestinal epithelium is not a consistent feature, and in vitro studies showed that intestinal cells did not undergo rapid death and lysis during viral replication. We show that rotavirus(More)
Progressive renal enlargement due to the growth of innumerable fluid-filled cysts is a central pathophysiological feature of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). These epithelial neoplasms enlarge slowly and damage noncystic parenchyma by mechanisms that have not been clearly defined. In a microarray analysis of cultured human ADPKD cyst(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) is a sialated phosphoprotein found in tissues and secreted into body fluids. It is an integrin ligand with pleiotropic functions as an extracellular matrix protein in mineralized tissues and a cytokine that is active in cell signaling (A. B. Tuck, C. Hota, S. M. Wilson, and A. F. Chambers, Oncogene 22:1198-1205, 2003). To determine whether(More)
Rotavirus is the most important worldwide cause of severe gastroenteritis in infants and young children. Intestinal epithelial cells are the principal targets of rotavirus infection, but the response of enterocytes to rotavirus infection is largely unknown. We determined that rotavirus infection of HT-29 intestinal epithelial cells results in prompt(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Mechanisms for age restriction of rotavirus diarrhea are unclear. Because rotavirus primarily infects small intestine, colonic contribution has not been widely studied. Recent data suggest that colonic secretion postbacterial infection is mediated by galanin-1 receptors (Gal1-R). We evaluated age-dependent expression of Gal1-R in Rhesus(More)
Rotavirus is the most important cause of severe gastroenteritis in children worldwide. We have investigated cytokine responses to rotavirus infection of cultured intestinal epithelial cells. Interleukin 8 (IL-8) is a chemotactic and cell-activating cytokine that is synthesized by epithelial cells and induced in response to bacterial enteric pathogens.(More)
Rotaviruses infect the villous epithelium of the small intestine and cause severe diarrhea in young children. The mechanism by which rotavirus causes diarrhea has not been elucidated. It has been hypothesized that rotavirus replication in the intestinal epithelium causes a loss of viable absorptive cells, leading to an imbalance of intestinal secretion and(More)