Scott J Heffernan

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UNLABELLED Diabetic renal disease is characterized by accumulation of extracellular matrix, glomerulosclerosis, and tubulointerstitial fibrosis. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is implicated in these changes, as it contributes to new matrix synthesis and is increased in the diabetic kidney. CTGF also inhibits mesangial matrix degradation through(More)
Glutathione is important in the regulation of the redox state, and a decline in its tissue level has often been considered to be indicative of increased oxidative stress in diabetes. In this study of diabetic rats, the level of hepatic glutathione was normal unless food intake was restricted. Thus, the previous report of a reduction in hepatic glutathione(More)
Over a period of four years, streptozocin has been used to induce diabetes in 10 baboons, all of whom are insulin dependent. We describe our experience with their husbandry, induction of diabetes, insulin therapy, metabolic control and growth rate. Streptozocin dosage of 60 mg/kg readily induces hyperglycemia with minimal hepatic or renal toxicity. Using a(More)
Pre-determination of the sex of offspring has implications for management and conservation of captive wildlife species, particularly those with single sex-dominated social structures. Our goal is to adapt flow cytometry technology to sort spermatozoa of non-human primate species for use with assisted reproductive technologies. The objectives of this study(More)
It has been reported previously that the plasma concentration of ascorbic acid (AA) is reduced in streptozocin-induced diabetic rats and can be normalized by treatment with the aldose reductase inhibitor tolrestat. This study was designed to investigate further the relationship between the polyol pathway and AA metabolism in diabetic rats. Disturbance of AA(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess agreement between different methods of blood pressure measurement in anaesthetised baboons. METHODS Systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) were measured in anaesthetised baboons using intra-arterial radiotelemetry, automated oscillometry and mercury sphygmomanometry. Correlation between the(More)
INTRODUCTION Preeclampsia is a disorder related to an imbalance in the angiogenesis axis manifesting as endothelial dysfunction. Animal and human studies have shown that sFLT-1 (soluble fms like tyrosine kinase 1) is increased and PlGF (placental growth factor) reduced during the disease state. There are a paucity of studies investigating the clinical(More)
Abnormalities of endothelial function have been demonstrated in diabetes and are thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. The aims of this study were to determine whether aminoguanidine, an inhibitor of glycation, can prevent endothelial and microcirculation abnormalities in a primate model of type 1 diabetes. Male baboons(More)