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Bottom-up construction of nanostructures from molecular-sized components is a promising approach to nanofabrication. This paper discusses bottom-up techniques that involve positioning of nanoparticles or nanorods with an Atomic Force Microscope (AFM), and, for certain applications, chemical linking of such components. The physical principles of(More)
Spatially resolved Raman spectra of individual pristine suspended carbon nanotubes are observed under electrical heating. The Raman G+ and G- bands show unequal temperature profiles. The preferential heating is more pronounced in short nanotubes (2 microm) than in long nanotubes (5 microm). These results are understood in terms of the decay and(More)
In this work, we measure the electrical conductance and temperature of individual, suspended quasi-metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes under high voltage biases using Raman spectroscopy, while varying the doping conditions with an applied gate voltage. By applying a gate voltage, the high-bias conductance can be switched dramatically between linear(More)
Large modulations of up to 2 orders of magnitude are observed in the Raman intensity of pristine, suspended, quasimetallic, single-walled carbon nanotubes in response to applied gate potentials. No change in the resonance condition is observed, and all Raman bands exhibit the same changes in intensity, regardless of phonon energy or laser excitation energy.(More)
Raman spectra and electrical conductance of individual, pristine, suspended, metallic single-walled carbon nanotubes are measured under applied gate potentials. The G(-) band is observed to downshift with small applied gate voltages, with the minima occurring at E(F) = +/-(1)/(2)E(phonon), contrary to adiabatic predictions. A subsequent upshift in the Raman(More)
Quantitative Transmission Ultrasound (QTUS) is a tomographic transmission ultrasound modality that is capable of generating 3D speed-of-sound maps of objects in the field of view. It performs this measurement by propagating a plane wave through the medium from a transmitter on one side of a water tank to a high resolution receiver on the opposite side. This(More)
Keywords: Hybrid electric vehicle Lithium-ion battery Battery assembly Battery energy loss Electrical contact resistance a b s t r a c t Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are favored in hybrid-electric vehicles and electric vehicles for their outstanding power characteristics. In this paper the energy loss due to electrical contact resistance (ECR) at the(More)
PURPOSE To propose a new method for estimating scatter in x-ray imaging. Conventional antiscatter grids reject scatter at an efficiency that is constant or slowly varying over the surface of the grid. A striped ratio antiscatter grid, composed of stripes that alternate between high and low grid ratio, could be used instead. Such a striped ratio grid would(More)
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