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Morphogenesis of plant cells is tantamount to the shaping of the stiff cell wall that surrounds them. To this end, these cells integrate two concomitant processes: 1), deposition of new material into the existing wall, and 2), mechanical deformation of this material by the turgor pressure. However, due to uncertainty regarding the mechanisms that coordinate(More)
We define a mathematical formalism based on the concept of an ''open dynamical system'' and show how it can be used to model embodied cognition. This formalism extends classical dynamical systems theory by distinguishing a ''total system'' (which models an agent in an environment) and an ''agent system'' (which models an agent by itself), and it includes(More)
We present a rigorous mathematical analysis of a discrete dynamical system modeling plant pattern formation. In this model, based on the work of physicists Douady and Couder, fixed points are the spiral or he-lical lattices often occurring in plants. The frequent occurrence of the Fibonacci sequence in the number of visible spirals is explained by the(More)
The calculation of divergence angles between primordia in a plant apex depends on the point used as the center of the apex. In mathematically ideal phyllotactic patterns, the center is well defined but there has not been a precise definition for the center of naturally occurring phyllotactic patterns. A few techniques have been proposed for estimating the(More)
The filaree (Erodium cicutarium), a small, flowering plant related to geraniums, possesses a unique seed dispersal mechanism: the plant can fling its seeds up to half a meter away; and the seeds can bury themselves by drilling into the ground, twisting and untwisting in response to changes in humidity. These feats are accomplished using awns, helical(More)
This article presents new methods for the geometrical analysis of phyllotactic patterns and their comparison with patterns produced by simple, discrete dynamical systems. We introduce the concept of ontogenetic graph as a parsimonious and mech-anistically relevant representation of a pattern. The ontogenetic graph is extracted from the local geometry of the(More)
Cell differentiation often appears to be a stochastic process particularly in the hemopoietic system. One of the earliest stochastic models for the growth of stem cell populations was proposed by Till et al. in 1964. In this model there are just two cell types: stem cells and specialized cells. At each time step there is a fixed probability that a stem cell(More)