Scott Holland

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Although much is known concerning brain-language relations in adults, little is known about how these functions might be represented during the developmental period. We report results from 17 normal children, ages 7-18 years, who have successfully completed a word fluency paradigm during functional magnetic resonance imaging at 3 Tesla. Regions of(More)
Relaxation time measurements at 3.0 T are reported for both gray and white matter in normal human brain. Measurements were made using a 3.0 T Bruker Biospec magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner in normal adults with no clinical evidence of neurological disease. Nineteen subjects, 8 female and 11 male, were studied for T1 and T2 measurements, and 7 males(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate differences in white matter diffusion properties as a function of age in healthy children and adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS Echo-planar diffusion-tensor magnetic resonance (MR) imaging was performed in 33 healthy subjects aged 5-18 years who were recruited from a functional imaging study of normal language development. Results of(More)
Spatial normalization and segmentation of infant brain MRI data based on adult or pediatric reference data may not be appropriate due to the developmental differences between the infant input data and the reference data. In this study we have constructed infant templates and a priori brain tissue probability maps based on the MR brain image data from 76(More)
The localization of brain areas related to cognitive functions has yet to be thoroughly explored in children. We therefore set out to apply volumetric, voxel-based, and structural connectivity analyses to magnetic resonance images from a large sample of healthy children. We could confirm a strong correlation of whole-brain gray matter volume and the(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies suggest that a neural circuit involving over-activation of cortical, paralimbic, limbic, and striatal structures may underlie OCD symptomatology, but results may have been limited by medication use in those studies. To address this, we examined the effects of symptom induction on fMRI neural activation in medication-free patients(More)
Language lateralization in the brain is dependent on family history of handedness, personal handedness, pathology, and other factors. The influence of age on language lateralization is not completely understood. Increasing left lateralization of language with age has been observed in children, while the reverse has been noted in healthy young adults. It is(More)
Over the last decade, non-invasive, high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging has allowed investigating normal brain development. However, much is still not known in this context, especially with regard to regional differences in brain morphology between genders. We conducted a large-scale study utilizing fully automated analysis-approaches, using(More)
A possible relationship between cognitive abilities and white matter structure as assessed by magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) was investigated in the pediatric population. DTI was performed on 47 normal children ages 5-18. Using a voxelwise analysis technique, the fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD) were tested for(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has the potential to replace the intracarotid amobarbital procedure (IAP) in presurgical evaluation of patients with epilepsy. In this study, we compared fMRI verb generation (VG) and semantic decision/tone decision (SDTD) tasks and the IAP in their ability to localize language functions in patients with epilepsy(More)