Scott H Phelps

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The two major forms of lung carcinoma, small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), are clinically distinct, and are also differentiated by morphology and behavior in culture. SCLC cells have a greater metastatic potential than NSCLC cells in vivo, and exhibit a unique spherical morphology in culture due to their inability to(More)
To assess the nature and extent of ultrastructural damage due to low unilateral intracerebroventricular doses of kainic acid, treated rats were killed at survival times from 8 h to 14 weeks. Degenerative changes in field CA1 of the hippocampus included dark profiles (often presynaptic), lucent areas enveloping axonic or dendritic elements, damaged myelin(More)
Because changes in intracellular Ca2+ affect progression through the mitotic cell cycle, we investigated the role of Ca2+-binding proteins in regulating cell cycle progression. Evidence was found demonstrating that the activation of Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaM kinase) inhibits cell cycle progression in small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC)(More)
Although muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) regulate the activity of smooth muscle myosin, the effects of mAChR activation on cytoplasmic myosin have not been characterized. We found that activation of transfected human M3 mAChR induces the phosphorylation of myosin light chains (MLC) and the formation of myosin-containing stress fibers in Chinese(More)
Aberrant signal transduction pathways involved in the development of metastatic disease are poorly defined in both small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) and non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Neuropeptide-driven positive feedback loops stimulating cell proliferation are characteristic of SCLC. The activation of phospholipase C (PLC)-beta1 is an early and(More)
We compared the in vivo characteristics of hemagglutinin (HA)-tagged RhoA, dominant negative RhoA(Asn-19), and activated RhoA(Val-14) stably expressed in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Proteins co-precipitating with these HA-tagged GTPases were identified by peptide sequencing or by Western blotting. Dominant negative RhoA(Asn-19) co-precipitates with(More)
This study investigated the effects of the adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) phosphodiesterase inhibitors caffeine, theophylline, and 3-isobutyl-1-methyl-xanthine (IBMX) on the proliferation and viability of the small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cell lines NCI-H345, NCI-H128, and SCC-9. These effects were correlated with the ability of the drugs to(More)
Although small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) cells express both voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (VGCC) and second messenger-operated Ca2+ channels (SMOCC), little is known about the factors that regulate the activity of these channels in SCLC cells. Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaM kinase) type II has been implicated recently in regulating Ca2+(More)
Expression of endogenous cadherins by Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells has not been previously reported. However, we observed that CHO cells adhere to one another upon activation of transfected muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR), suggesting that the cells express endogenous cadherins. A 160-base pair RT-PCR product with 100% homology to the(More)
Course description This course examines the expansion and proliferation of the neurosciences from the early modern period to the present. We will investigate the recent claim that we are living in the midst of a "neuro-revolution" with vast social, political, and economic consequences around the globe. Yet at the same time, we will look to the past for(More)