Scott H. Kesteven

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Heterozygous mutations in the cardiac homeobox gene, NKX2-5, underlie familial cases of atrial septal defect (ASD) with severe atrioventricular conduction block. In this study, mice heterozygous for Nkx2-5-null alleles were assessed for analogous defects. Although ASD occurred only rarely, atrial septal dysmorphogenesis was evident as increased frequencies(More)
Activation of the alpha(1A)-adrenergic receptor (alpha(1A)-AR)/Gq pathway has been implicated as a critical trigger for the development of cardiac hypertrophy. However, direct evidence from in vivo studies is still lacking. To address this issue, transgenic mice with cardiac-targeted overexpression of the alpha(1A)-AR (4- to 170-fold) were generated, using(More)
It is widely believed that perinatal cardiomyocyte terminal differentiation blocks cytokinesis, thereby causing binucleation and limiting regenerative repair after injury. This suggests that heart growth should occur entirely by cardiomyocyte hypertrophy during preadolescence when, in mice, cardiac mass increases many-fold over a few weeks. Here, we show(More)
Laminopathies are a group of disorders caused by mutations in the LMNA gene that encodes the nuclear lamina proteins, lamin A and lamin C; their pathophysiological basis is unknown. We report that lamin A/C-deficient (Lmna(-/-)) mice develop rapidly progressive dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) characterized by left ventricular (LV) dilation and reduced systolic(More)
We previously reported that transgenic (TG) mice with cardiac-restricted alpha(1A)-adrenergic receptor (alpha(1A)-AR)-overexpression showed enhanced contractility, but no hypertrophy. Since chronic inotropic enhancement may be deleterious, we investigated if long-term, cardiac function and longevity are compromised. alpha(1A)-TG mice, but not their non-TG(More)
OBJECTIVE Paradoxically, it has been reported that after 1.5-4 h of hypothermic ischaemic preservation there is complete recovery of contractile function in canine cardiac allografts, as assessed by the preload recruitable stroke work (PRSW) relationship. This raises questions about the suitability of the canine heart as a model for preservation research(More)
RATIONALE Mutations in the LMNA gene, which encodes the nuclear lamina proteins lamin A and lamin C, are the most common cause of familial dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Mechanical stress-induced apoptosis has been proposed as the mechanism underpinning DCM in lamin A/C-deficient hearts, but supporting in vivo evidence has been lacking. OBJECTIVE Our aim(More)
We compared the effects of hormone resuscitation (HR) with a norepinephrine-based protocol on cardiac function, hemodynamics and need for vasopressor support after brain death in a porcine model. Following brain death induction, animals were treated with norepinephrine and fluids for 3 h. In the following 3 h, they continued on norepinephrine and fluids(More)
Lamin A/C mutations are the most common cause of familial dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) but the pathogenetic mechanisms are incompletely understood. Nesprins are spectrin repeat-containing proteins that interact with lamin A/C and are components of the linker-of-nucleoskeleton-and-cytoskeleton (LINC) complex that connects the nuclear envelope to the actin(More)
Sodium-hydrogen exchange inhibitors, such as cariporide, are potent cardioprotective agents, however, safety concerns have been raised about intravenously (i.v.) administered cariporide in humans. The aim of this study was to develop a preservation strategy that maintained cariporide's cardioprotective efficacy during heart transplantation while minimizing(More)