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The new Kreek-McHugh-Schluger-Kellogg scale ('KMSK scale') is designed to quantify self-exposure to opiates, cocaine, alcohol, and/or tobacco. Each section of the KMSK scale assesses the frequency, amount, and duration of use of a particular substance during the individual's period of greatest consumption. The scale also assesses the mode of use, whether(More)
This article presents the Schema Therapy (Young, Klosko, & Weishaar, 2003) approach to the treatment of borderline personality disorder. Schema therapy draws on the cognitive-behavioral, attachment, psychodynamic, and emotion-focused traditions and conceptualizes patients who have borderline personality disorder as being under the sway of five modes or(More)
An analysis of the relationship among the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991, 1996) Drug Problems (DRG) scale scores, the Addiction Severity Index (ASI; McLellan et al., 1992) scores, and urine toxicology reports revealed that the PAI Drug Problem scale scores of 100 substance-using and substance-abusing men and women were distributed in a(More)
RATIONALE Recent preclinical behavioral and neurobiological research has characterized important behavioral features and has identified neurobiological substrates that may underlie nicotine reinforcement and addiction. OBJECTIVE To examine recent advances on nicotine exposure in preclinical models, from three perspectives: (a) the chronopharmacokinetics(More)
BACKGROUND Personality traits such as impulsivity and sensation seeking may contribute to the initiation and maintenance of illicit drug use. Since studies have reported higher impulsivity and sensation seeking traits in cocaine dependent subjects, we were interested in determining whether former heroin addicts in methadone pharmacotherapy with comorbid(More)
Opiates have provided relief from psychic and physical pain for millennia, but their abuse and control has created an international scourge of addiction, misery, crime, and disease. Furthermore, because opiates are frequently administered intravenously, abusers may suffer from and transmit infections, including HIV, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. Methadone(More)
Harm reduction is a new paradigm that seeks to reduce the harmful consequences of substance use and other risky behaviors without requiring abstinence. This article discusses integrative harm reduction psychotherapy, one application of harm reduction principles to psychotherapy. Seven therapeutic tasks are described with attention to clinical process,(More)
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