Scott H Carlson

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Zucker rats are a useful model in which to define the mechanisms that link obesity to diabetes and associated cardiovascular disease. The present study tests the hypothesis that diabetic obese (compared with nondiabetic lean) Zucker rats are hypertensive and display a further increase in arterial pressure when fed a high salt diet. Male, nondiabetic lean(More)
We have recently reported that an acute intragastric hypertonic saline load increases plasma arginine vasopressin (PAVP) and Fos immunoreactivity in several central nuclei, including the supraoptic nucleus (SON), paraventricular nucleus (PVN), nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS), area postrema (AP), and lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPBN). We hypothesized(More)
Research examining the control of arterial pressure in mice has primarily relied on tail-cuff plethysmography and, more recently, on tethered arterial catheters. In contrast, the radiotelemetry method has largely become the "gold standard" for long-term monitoring of arterial pressure and heart rate in rats. Whereas smaller telemetry probes have recently(More)
Although experimental evidence supports peripheral osmoreceptor modulation of arginine vasopressin (AVP) release, a local osmotic signal required for osmoreceptor activation has yet to be identified using physiological sodium loads. Additionally, the central pathway involved in peripheral control of AVP has not been clearly established. Experiments were(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that peripheral osmoreceptors respond to alterations in dietary NaCl by adjusting renal sympathetic nerve activity, but the impact of this reflex on the long-term regulation of mean arterial pressure (MAP) remains unclear. The present study tested the hypothesis that denervation of peripheral osmoreceptors elevates arterial(More)
The present study tested the long-term effects of dietary kudzu root extract supplementation on the regulation of arterial pressure, plasma glucose, and circulating cholesterol in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SP-SHR). Female SP-SHR were maintained for 2 months on a polyphenol-free diet, with or without the addition of 0.2% kudzu root(More)
ACE plays an important role in the regulation of arterial pressure; however, a linear relationship between ACE expression and arterial pressure has not been demonstrated. The present study employed telemetric monitoring in female transgenic mice to determine the influence of partial and complete deletion of the ACE gene on basal arterial pressure and(More)
We have recently reported that an acute intragastric hypertonic saline load increases Fos immunoreactivity in several central nuclei, including the supraoptic nucleus (SON), paraventricular nucleus (PVN), nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS), area postrema (AP), and lateral parabrachial nucleus (LPBN). We have also shown that these responses are mediated by(More)
See related article, pp 435– 441 H ypertension significantly contributes to cardiovascular disease, renal dysfunction and stroke, and it greatly enhances diabetes-related morbidity and mortality. Despite these significant interactions, research has yet to fully elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Elevated sympathetic nervous system activity appears to(More)
Previous studies demonstrate that kudzu root extract and its major isoflavone (puerarin) improve glucose metabolism in animal models of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes; however, these beneficial effects have not been investigated in normal glycemic mice. The present study investigates the effect of acute and chronic kudzu root extract supplementation(More)
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