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BACKGROUND Gait is impaired in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and Huntington's disease (HD), but gait dynamics in mouse models of PD and HD have not been described. Here we quantified temporal and spatial indices of gait dynamics in a mouse model of PD and a mouse model of HD. METHODS Gait indices were obtained in C57BL/6J mice treated with the(More)
The underlying cause of neocortical involvement in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) remains a fundamental and unanswered question. Magnetic resonance imaging has shown a significant loss in temporal lobe volume, and it has been proposed that neocortical circuits are disturbed functionally because neurons are lost. The present study used design-based stereology(More)
Five normal rats and four rats with bilateral lesions of auditory cortex were tested by the conditioned suppression procedure to determine their abilities to discriminate between spatially separated sound sources. The discrimination involved detection of a change in location of a train of clicks from a speaker on the animals' left to a speaker on the right.(More)
The editing status of mRNA at the Q/R site of the glutamate receptor subunits GluR2 and GluR6 modulates channel conductivity and ion selectivity of ionotropic AMPA/KA receptors. Alteration of the editing process may be involved in the debilitating effects of epilepsy. The ratio of unedited/edited (Q/R) forms of GluR2 and GluR6 subunits was examined in(More)
An assessment of glutamate receptor subunit profiles was made in hippocampus and temporal lobe cortex of patients with refractory epilepsy. Molecular biological analyses using reverse transcription reaction (RT) followed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) revealed changes in the distribution profile of the transcripts of AMPA/KA glutamate receptor subunits(More)
A series of experiments assessed the potential role of acetylcholine (ACh) in the escape interference produced by inescapable shock. Treatment with the anticholinesterase, physostigmine, successfully mimicked the effects of inescapable shock. That is, the drug disrupted performance when escape was prevented for 6 s on any given trial, thereby necessitating(More)
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