Scott G Lundeen

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We have characterized and purified the bile salt hydrolase from Lactobacillus sp. strain 100-100. Bile salt hydrolase from cells of the strain was purified with column and high-performance liquid chromatography. The activity was assayed in whole cells and cell-free extracts with either a radiochemical assay involving [14C]taurocholic acid or a(More)
Estrogens protect against cardiovascular disease in women through effects on the vascular wall and liver. Here we further characterize the rat as a model for the evaluation of estrogenic effects on plasma lipid levels vs. uterine wet weight. In adult ovariectomized female rats treated for 4 days s.c., 17alpha-ethinyl estradiol (EE) was the most potent agent(More)
As part of a program aimed at the development of selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), novel chromene scaffolds, benzopyranobenzoxapanes, were discovered. Many compounds showed binding affinity as low as 1.6-200 nM, displayed antagonist behaviors in the MCF-7 human breast adenocarcinoma cell line as well in Ishikawa cell line with IC(50) values in(More)
Trimegestone (TMG) is a novel 19-norpregnane progestin under development for hormone replacement therapy and oral contraception. The objective of the current study was to characterize the potency and steroid receptor selectivity of TMG in several in vitro assays and to compare its activity to that of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA). TMG and MPA had a(More)
Neuroprotective effects of estradiol are well characterized in animal experimental models. However, in humans, the outcome of estrogen treatment for cognitive function and neurological diseases is very controversial. Selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) may represent an alternative to estrogen for the treatment or the prevention of(More)
The search for water on the surface of the anhydrous Moon had remained an unfulfilled quest for 40 years. However, the Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3) on Chandrayaan-1 has recently detected absorption features near 2.8 to 3.0 micrometers on the surface of the Moon. For silicate bodies, such features are typically attributed to hydroxyl- and/or water-bearing(More)
Deleted in malignant brain tumors 1 (DMBT1) is a candidate suppressor of malignancies of the brain, lung, gut, and breast. We have been studying gene expression in the uterus in the presence of estrogens and their antagonists. Here, we show that DMBT1 RNA levels are robustly increased by estrogen treatment in the uteri of ovariectomized monkeys and rats. In(More)
Four isozymes of bile salt hydrolase (BSH) have been purified from the cytosol of cells of Lactobacillus sp. strain 100-100. The four proteins were designated BSH A, B, C, and D. They eluted from anion-exchange high-pressure liquid chromatography columns at 0.15, 0.18, 0.21, and 0.25 M NaCl, respectively. They are catalytically similar, except that the Vmax(More)
Androgen receptor (AR) ligands with tissue selectivity (selective androgen receptor modulators, or SARMs) have potential for treating muscle wasting, hypogonadism of aging, osteoporosis, female sexual dysfunction, and other indications. JNJ-28330835 is a nonsteroidal AR ligand with mixed agonist and antagonist activity in androgen-responsive cell-based(More)
The present studies evaluated the effect of estrogens and the selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) tamoxifen and raloxifene in a rat model for hot flush. In this model, ovariectomized rats were treated for 8 or 9 days either sc or po. Rats were dependent to morphine by implanting a morphine pellet (75 mg each) sc on days 3 and 5 of treatment. On the(More)