Scott Fields

Learn More
HYPOTHESIS Intraoperative and postoperative variables contribute to the development of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) in general surgical patients. DESIGN Case-control cohort study of 44 patients admitted to the surgical intensive care unit from March 1, 1995, to January 1, 2001. Groups were matched with respect to age, sex, diagnosis, and(More)
BACKGROUND Memantine has been used off-label to treat frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTD). A previous 26-week open-label study suggested a transient, modest benefit on neuropsychiatric symptoms as measured by the neuropsychiatric inventory (NPI). We aimed to determine whether memantine is an effective treatment for FTD. METHODS We did a randomised,(More)
Impulsivity is a multidimensional construct that has been linked with obesity. To explore profiles of impulsive behavior potentially associated with adolescent weight status, we measured multiple dimensions of impulsivity (delay discounting, sustained attention, and behavioral disinhibition) using laboratory behavioral tasks in a sample of adolescents(More)
OBJECTIVE We conducted a multicenter, randomized, controlled trial to determine whether higher doses of indomethacin would improve the rate of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure. STUDY DESIGN Infants (<28 weeks gestation) who received a conventional, prophylactic 3-dose course of indomethacin were eligible if they had continued evidence of persistent(More)
In 1992, the School of Medicine at Oregon Health Sciences University inaugurated a Principles of Clinical Medicine (PCM) course as part of an overall curricular revision. The PCM course, which covers the first and second years of medical school, integrates material from ten separate courses in the previous curriculum. Students learn longitudinally over the(More)
Osteoclast-like giant cell tumors (OCGTs) usually involve the bone and rarely affect the alimentary tract. Within the gastrointestinal tract the liver has been one of the most infrequently reported locations for this neoplasm to occur. In this article we report the occurrence of an OCGT arising in the liver of a 61-year-old woman. The patient presented with(More)
Sam Singer In their essay in October’s PLoS Medicine, Daniel Reidpath and Kit Yee Chan challenge the widely cited link between HIV-related stigma and the spread of the epidemic [1]. This is an important question, given the heavy emphasis on stigma in policies of the World Health Organization, the Joint United Programme on HIV/AIDS, and other public health(More)
Vaginal microbicides hold great promise for the prevention of viral diseases like HIV, but the failure of several microbicide candidates in clinical trials has raised important questions regarding the parameters to be evaluated to determine in vivo efficacy in humans. Clinical trials of the candidate microbicides nonoxynol-9 (N9) and cellulose sulfate(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The authors prospectively tested the performance of a single numeric classifier constructed from a discriminative analysis classification system based on automatic computer-extracted quantitative features of clustered microcalcifications. MATERIALS AND METHODS Mammographically detected clustered microcalcifications in patients who(More)