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UNLABELLED Core strengthening has become a major trend in rehabilitation. The term has been used to connote lumbar stabilization, motor control training, and other regimens. Core strengthening is, in essence, a description of the muscular control required around the lumbar spine to maintain functional stability. Despite its widespread use, core(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship of previous lower extremity injury and the measured ratio of hip abduction to extension strength in collegiate athletes. DESIGN Cohort study of college athletes at time of pre-participation screening physical. SETTING An NCAA Division I college. PARTICIPANTS Two hundred and thirty-six college athletes from a(More)
Continuous passive motion (CPM) has been commonly used in the postoperative rehabilitation of patients after total knee arthroplasty. In the acute care hospital, most studies have found CPM to be useful in improving range of motion and reducing length of stay. The benefit of CPM in the rehabilitation hospital has not been studied. The charts of 61 patients(More)
PURPOSE The influence of a core-strengthening program on low back pain (LBP) occurrence and hip strength differences were studied in NCAA Division I collegiate athletes. METHODS In 1998, 1999, and 2000, hip strength was measured during preparticipation physical examinations and occurrence of LBP was monitored throughout the year. Following the 1999-2000(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship of previous lower extremity (LE) injury and/or low back pain (LBP) on hip abduction and extension strength. DESIGN Cohort study of college athletes at time of preparticipation screening physical. SETTING An NCAA Division I college. PARTICIPANTS Two hundred ten college athletes (140 males and 70 females) from an(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether athletes with strength imbalance of the hip musculature would be more likely to require treatment for low back pain (LBP) over the ensuing year. DESIGN The study population included 163 National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I college athletes (100 males and 63 females) undergoing preparticipation sports physicals.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Electromyography is used in conjunction with clinical diagnosis to determine the presence and extent of craniofacial injuries; it is also an aid in prognosis of recovery. This article reviews the neural pathophysiology following trauma and the basic principles of electrodiagnostic testing; such understanding helps to determine(More)
Cryotherapy and thermotherapy are useful adjuncts for the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries. Clinicians treating these conditions should be aware of current research findings regarding these modalities, because their choice of modality may affect the ultimate outcome of the patient being treated. Through a better understanding of these modalities,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the level of agreement between standardized patient ratings and resident physician self-ratings of physician interpersonal skills and the level of agreement between faculty observer and standardized patient ratings of resident physicians' interpersonal skills. DESIGN Structured clinical evaluation. A total of 25 resident physicians(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of 8 hours of continuous low-level heatwrap therapy for the treatment of acute nonspecific low back pain (LBP). DESIGN Prospective, randomized, parallel, single-blind (investigator), placebo-controlled, multicenter clinical trial. SETTING Five community-based research facilities. PARTICIPANTS Two-hundred nineteen(More)