Scott Eric Plevy

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The generation of cell-mediated immunity against many infectious pathogens involves the production of interleukin-12 (IL-12), a key signal of the innate immune system. Yet, for many pathogens, the molecules that induce IL-12 production by macrophages and the mechanisms by which they do so remain undefined. Here it is shown that microbial lipoproteins are(More)
Interleukin 12 (IL-12) is a heterodimeric cytokine whose activity is critical for T-helper 1 responses. The gene for the IL-12 p40 subunit is expressed in macrophages following induction by bacterial products, and its expression is augmented by gamma interferon. In this study, we performed a functional analysis of the murine and human p40 promoters in the(More)
The advent of biological therapy has revolutionized inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) care. Nonetheless, not all patients require biological therapy. Selection of patients depends on clinical characteristics, previous response to other medical therapy, and comorbid conditions. Availability, reimbursement guidelines, and patient preferences guide the choice(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Crohn's disease commonly recurs after intestinal resection. We evaluated whether the administration of infliximab after resective intestinal surgery for Crohn's disease reduces postoperative recurrence. METHODS We randomly assigned 24 patients with Crohn's disease who had undergone ileocolonic resection to receive intravenous infliximab(More)
Nucleosomes are important for gene regulation, but comprehensive studies of nucleosome positioning, remodeling, and transcription factor binding at inducible mammalian promoters have not been reported. We have analyzed the IL-12 p40 promoter, which is induced in macrophages by bacterial products. High-resolution micrococcal nuclease analyses revealed that a(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the benefits and risks associated with the use of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-blockers in various indications (eg, rheumatoid arthritis [RA], Crohn's disease [CD], psoriasis). METHODS The members of the consensus panel were selected based on their expertise. Centocor, Inc provided an educational grant to the Center for Health Care(More)
Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 and its metabolic product carbon monoxide (CO) play regulatory roles in acute inflammatory states. In this study, we demonstrate that CO administration is effective as a therapeutic modality in mice with established chronic colitis. CO administration ameliorates chronic intestinal inflammation in a T helper (Th)1-mediated model of(More)
Recent clinical studies of Crohn's disease patients demonstrated dramatic clinical responses following one i.v. infusion of a chimeric mAb to TNF-alpha (cA2). To assess the role of TNF-alpha in mucosal cytokine regulation, the effects of TNF-alpha on lamina propria mononuclear cell (LPMC) Th1 production were determined. Increased IFN-gamma production was(More)
IL-10 is an antiinflammatory cytokine secreted by activated macrophages and Th2 cells. IL-10 secretion promotes the down-regulation of proinflammatory cytokine synthesis and the development of Th2 responses. In macrophages, proinflammatory cytokines appear to be induced by similar mechanisms, but the IL-10 induction mechanisms have not been examined. We(More)
Signals from stressed cells and the enteric microbiota activate macrophages and dendritic cells and mediate intestinal inflammation. HMGB1 serves as an immunogenic stimuli causing release of inflammatory cytokines by myeloid cells. Ethyl pyruvate inhibits secretion of HMGB1 and improves survival in models of endotoxemia and hemorrhagic shock. We reasoned(More)