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OBJECTIVE To validate an in vivo method for mapping acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in human brain, preparatory to monitoring inhibitor therapy in AD. BACKGROUND AChE activity is decreased in postmortem AD brain. Lacking a reliable in vivo measure, little is known about central activity in early AD, when the disease is commonly targeted by AChE(More)
PURPOSE This prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial was performed to compare the effectiveness of the bioprosthesis Surgisis Gold (Cook Biotech, Inc, West Lafayette, IN) to suture closure alone in reinforcing the abdominal wall after open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). METHODS A total of 402 adult patients (body mass index ≥35 kg/m(2))(More)
Schizophrenia is a common disorder characterized by psychotic symptoms; diagnostic criteria have been established. Family, twin and adoption studies suggest that both genetic and environmental factors influence susceptibility (heritability is approximately 71%; ref. 2), however, little is known about the aetiology of schizophrenia. Clinical and family(More)
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) cause perturbations in immune systems and limit the application of CNTs in biomedicine. Here we demonstrate that a surface chemistry modification on multiwalled CNTs (MWCNTs) reduces their immune perturbations in mice and in macrophages. The modified MWCNTs change their preferred binding pattern from mannose receptor to scavenger(More)
In order to compare the cardiovascular and energy expenditure demands of "Super Slow" (SST) and traditional (TT) resistance training 7 resistance-trained young men (24.3 +/- 3.8 years) had energy expenditure (using indirect calorimetry) and heart rate evaluated during and for 15 minutes after a workout on separate days. Blood lactate levels were also(More)
N-[11C]Methylpiperidin-4-yl propionate ([11C]PMP) is a substrate for hydrolysis by acetylcholinesterase (AChE). This work evaluates kinetic analysis alternatives for estimation of relative AChE activity using dynamic positron emission tomography (PET) studies of [11C]PMP. The PET studies were performed on three groups of subjects: (1) 12 normal volunteer(More)
Synthesis of 1-[11C]methylpiperidin-4-yl propionate ([11C]PMP), an in vivo substrate for acetylcholinesterase, is reported. An improved preparation of 4-piperidinyl propionate (PHP), the immediate precursor for radiolabeling, was accomplished in three steps from 4-hydroxypiperidine by (a) protection of the amine as the benzyl carbamate, (b) acylation with(More)
Two esters, N-[11C]methylpiperidyl acetate ([11C]AMP) and N-[11C]methylpiperidyl propionate ([11C]PMP), were synthesized in no-carrier-added forms and evaluated as in vivo substrates for brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE). After peripheral injection in mice, each ester showed rapid penetration into the brain and a regional retention of radioactivity(More)
The present work reports the synthesis and preliminary pharmacological characterization of 8,9-dihydroxy-2,3,7,11b-tetrahydro-1H-naph[1,2,3-de] isoquinoline (4, dinapsoline). This molecule was designed to conserve the essential elements contained in our D1 agonist pharmacophore model (i.e., position and orientation of the nitrogen, hydroxyls, and phenyl(More)
Although the inhibition of acetylcholinesterase remains the primary treatment of Alzheimer's disease, little is known of the results of increased acetylcholine levels on muscarinic receptor occupancy or function. Using N-(2-[18F]fluoroethyl)-4-piperidyl benzilate ([18F]FEPB), a moderate affinity (Ki = 1.7 nmol/L) nonsubtype-selective muscarinic receptor(More)