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CONTEXT No randomized trials have examined treatments for prescription opioid dependence, despite its increasing prevalence. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of brief and extended buprenorphine hydrochloride-naloxone hydrochloride treatment, with different counseling intensities, for patients dependent on prescription opioids. DESIGN Multisite,(More)
The development of process measures for the assessment and improvement of care for schizophrenia is at an early stage. As part of a national inventory of mental health quality measures, we identified 42 process measures developed to assess the quality of schizophrenia care. A greater proportion of measures assessed pharmacotherapy than assessed psychosocial(More)
OBJECTIVE Benchmarks, representing the level of performance achieved by the best-performing providers, can be used to set achievable goals for improving care, but they have not heretofore been available for mental health care. This article describes the application of a method for developing statistical benchmarks for 12 process measures of quality of care(More)
OBJECTIVE Quality-improvement efforts are hindered by a lack of consensus on meaningful and feasible measures of care. The objective of this study was to develop a core set of quality measures for mental health and substance-related care that are meaningful to stakeholders, feasible to implement, and broadly representative of diverse dimensions of the(More)
The National Inventory of Mental Health Quality Measures was funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to (1) inventory process measures for assessing the quality of mental health care; (2) identify clinical, administrative, and quality domains where measures have been developed; and (3) identify areas where further research and development(More)
The National Institute on Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network launched the Prescription Opioid Addiction Treatment Study (POATS) in response to rising rates of prescription opioid dependence and gaps in understanding the optimal course of treatment for this population. POATS employed a multi-site, two-phase adaptive, sequential treatment design to(More)
Despite the high prevalence of prescription opioid dependence in the U.S., little is known about the course of this disorder and long-term response to treatment. We therefore examined 18-month post-randomization outcomes of participants in the Prescription Opioid Addiction Treatment Study, a multi-site, randomized controlled trial examining varying(More)
Most treatment studies of opioid-dependent populations have focused predominantly on heroin users, despite a recent increase in those dependent upon prescription opioids. A key methodological challenge involved in studying the latter group involves defining the population. Specifically, researchers must decide whether to include (1) concurrent heroin users(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the growing prevalence of prescription opioid dependence, longitudinal studies have not examined long-term treatment response. The current study examined outcomes over 42 months in the Prescription Opioid Addiction Treatment Study (POATS). METHODS POATS was a multi-site clinical trial lasting up to 9 months, examining different(More)