Scott E. Harpstrite

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Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a common cancer predisposition syndrome in which affected individuals develop benign and malignant nerve tumors. The NF1 gene product neurofibromin negatively regulates Ras and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling, prompting clinical trials to evaluate the ability of Ras and mTOR pathway inhibitors to arrest(More)
BACKGROUND Positron emission tomography (PET) allows sensitive, non-invasive analysis of the distribution of radiopharmaceutical tracers labeled with positron (β(+))-emitting radionuclides in small animals and humans. Upon β(+) decay, the initial velocity of high-energy β(+) particles can momentarily exceed the speed of light in tissue, producing Cerenkov(More)
Bioluminescence, positron emission tomography (PET), and fluorescence modalities are currently available for noninvasive imaging in vivo, each with its own merits. To exploit the combined strengths of each and facilitate multimodality imaging, we engineered a dual-reporter construct in which firefly luciferase (FLuc) and a 12-amino acid nonstructural linker(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) mediated by overexpression of the MDR1 gene product, P-glycoprotein (Pgp), represents one of the best characterized barriers to chemotherapeutic treatment in cancer and may be a pivotal factor in progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Thus, agents capable of probing Pgp-mediated transport could be beneficial in biomedical(More)
UNLABELLED The human genome is known to consist of 49 ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter genes. Among these ABC proteins, overexpression of multidrug resistance (MDR1) P-glycoprotein (Pgp/ABCB1) is the best characterized barrier to successful chemotherapeutic treatments, impacts pharmacokinetics of numerous recognized drugs, and is also quickly emerging(More)
Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) radionuclide pairs having distinct decay rates and different energy maxima enable simultaneous detection of dual gamma signals and real-time assessment of dynamic functional and molecular processes in vivo. Here, we report image acquisition and quantification protocols for a single molecule labeled with two(More)
Nucleoside analogues, such as penciclovir, ganciclovir, acyclovir, and their fluoro-substituted derivatives, have wide utility as antivirals. Among these analogues, FHBG ((18)F-Fluorohydroxybutylguanine) is a well-validated PET (positron emission tomography) probe for monitoring reporter gene expression. To evaluate whether or not imposing rigidity into the(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) mediated by overexpression of P-glycoprotein (Pgp) is one of the best characterized transporter-mediated barriers to successful chemotherapy in cancer patients and is also a rapidly emerging target in the progression of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Therefore, strategies capable of(More)
Gold nanoparticles have been labeled with various radionuclides and extensively explored for single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in the context of cancer diagnosis. The stability of most radiolabels, however, still needs to be improved for accurate detection of cancer biomarkers and thereby monitoring of tumor progression and metastasis.(More)
Radiolabeled metalloprobes offer sensitive tools for evaluating quantitative accumulation of chemical entities within pooled cell populations. Although beneficial in translational nuclear imaging, this method precludes interrogation of effects resulting from variations at a single cell level, within the same segment of cell population. Compared with(More)