Scott D. Somers

Learn More
The content of Ca2+-, phospholipid-dependent protein kinase activity (protein kinase C) in murine peritoneal macrophages treated with recombinant interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) has been investigated. Protein kinase C activity was solubilized by nonionic detergent extraction of sonicated cells and separated by high performance liquid chromatography on a TSK(More)
Peritoneal macrophages from C57BL/6N mice infected with BCG have a greater capacity for tumor cell binding than do inflammatory macrophages elicited by several agents. To determine if these quantitatively distinct types of binding were qualitatively distinct as well, we compared them in several ways. Scanning electron microscopy of macrophage-tumor cell(More)
The lymphocyte function-associated (LFA)-1 molecule is expressed on certain populations of macrophages that have an augmented capacity to capture tumor cells. Accordingly, we analyzed the role of LFA-1 in the establishment of such cell-cell interactions. F(ab')2 fragments of the M17/4, anti-LFA-1 monoclonal antibody (MAb) inhibited the interaction between(More)
The polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) composition of murine peritoneal macrophage phospholipids was dramatically altered in vivo following the four-wk feeding of specific dietary oils. Fish oil (containing 20∶5n–3 and 22∶6n−3) feeding significantly increased macrophage 20∶5n−3, 22∶5n−3, and 22∶6n−3 (P<0.05), while borage oil (containing 18∶2n−6 and 18∶3n−6)(More)
Early biochemical events in the response of murine peritoneal macrophages to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) have been examined (i.e., 0-4 hr after initiation of treatment). At concentrations of 10 ng/ml or less, LPS stimulated the new or enhanced synthesis of a series of at least six polypeptides of 85, 80, 75, 65, 57, and 38 kD. This effect was(More)
Modifying the fatty acid composition of macrophages through diet can significantly alter some of their functions, such as tumoricidal capacity and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) production. The mechanism of that modification, however, is unknown. In this report, we provide evidence that fatty acids added to macrophages in culture can significantly(More)
To understand the differential role of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) in the process of macrophage tumoricidal activation, we investigated the production of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and nitric oxide in activated murine macrophages and the effects of those lymphokines on prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)-mediated down-regulation.(More)
Murine macrophages from sites of inflammation develop toward tumoricidal competence by exposure to a macrophage-activating factor such as interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). To explore the biochemical transductional events initiated by IFN-gamma, peritoneal macrophages from C57BL/6J mice elicited by various sterile irritants were treated in vitro with two(More)
Inflammatory macrophages from mice fed diets containing menhaden fish oil (MFO) have a reduced capacity for cytotoxicity of mastocytoma cells upon activation with interferon-gamma (IFN gamma) and lipopolysaccharide due to an altered responsiveness to IFN gamma. In an effort to elucidate further how dietary MFO effects macrophage function, we have studied(More)
The effects of diets containing menhaden fish oil (MFO), compared with those of diets containing safflower oil (SAF) or an essential fatty acid deficient hydrogenated coconut oil (HCO), on in vitro activation of tumoricidal capacity by murine macrophages were assessed. Mice fed the experimental diets for 4 weeks were injected intraperitoneally with sterile(More)