Scott D. Moore

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The central amygdala (CeA) plays a role in the relationship among stress, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), and alcohol abuse. In whole-cell recordings, both CRF and ethanol enhanced gamma-aminobutyric acid-mediated (GABAergic) neurotransmission in CeA neurons from wild-type and CRF2 receptor knockout mice, but not CRF1 receptor knockout mice. CRF1 (but(More)
We examined the interaction of ethanol with the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic system in neurons of slices of the rat central amygdala nucleus (CeA), a brain region thought to be critical for the reinforcing effects of ethanol. Brief superfusion of 11-66 mM ethanol significantly increased GABA type A (GABA(A)) receptor-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic(More)
Immunocytochemical and electrophysiological evidence suggests that somatostatin may be a transmitter in the hippocampus. To characterize the ionic mechanisms underlying somatostatin effects, voltage-clamp and current-clamp studies on single CA1 pyramidal neurons in the hippocampal slice preparation were performed. Both somatostatin-28 and somatostatin-14(More)
Reversal of long-term potentiation by low-frequency stimulation is often referred to as depotentiation. However, it is not clear whether depotentiation induced by low-frequency stimulation and long-term depression (LTD) induced by similar stimuli are distinct phenomena. We have performed a series of experiments in area CA1 of rat hippocampal slices in which(More)
Endogenous opioid systems are implicated in the reinforcing effects of ethanol consumption. For example, delta opioid receptor (DOR) knockout (KO) mice show greater ethanol consumption than wild-type (WT) mice (Roberts et al., 2001). To explore the neurobiological correlates underlying these behaviors, we examined effects of acute ethanol application in(More)
Previous studies have indicated that ethanol (EtOH) has a relatively specific effect on excitatory synaptic transmission by inhibiting function of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor. We have found that EtOH potently inhibits N-methyl-D-aspartate-mediated synaptic currents in the basolateral amygdala, a brain region associated with actions of anxiolytic(More)
Endogenous opioid systems are implicated in the actions of ethanol. For example, mu-opioid receptor (MOR) knockout (KO) mice self-administer less alcohol than the genetically intact counterpart wild-type (WT) mice (Roberts et al., 2000). MOR KO mice also exhibit less anxiety-like behavior than WT mice (Filliol et al., 2000). To investigate the(More)
The current study provides a portrait of emotional-behavioral functioning within a small sample of Vietnam veterans with combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), their partners, and older adolescent and adult children. Veterans, their partners and children reported moderate-low to moderate-high levels of violent behavior. In addition, partner(More)
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be a complex disorder, and some studies have found that samples of individuals with PTSD contain subtypes that may relate to health outcomes. The goals were to replicate previously identified PTSD subtypes and examine how subtype membership relates to mortality. Data from the Vietnam Experience Study and a clinical(More)
Afferent stimulation of pyramidal cells in the basolateral amygdala produced mixed excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) mediated by N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA glutamate receptors during whole cell current-clamp recordings. In the presence of GABA(A) receptor blockade, the mixed EPSPs recruited a large "all-or-none" depolarizing event.(More)