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The central amygdala (CeA) plays a role in the relationship among stress, corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), and alcohol abuse. In whole-cell recordings, both CRF and ethanol enhanced gamma-aminobutyric acid-mediated (GABAergic) neurotransmission in CeA neurons from wild-type and CRF2 receptor knockout mice, but not CRF1 receptor knockout mice. CRF1 (but(More)
We examined the interaction of ethanol with the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic system in neurons of slices of the rat central amygdala nucleus (CeA), a brain region thought to be critical for the reinforcing effects of ethanol. Brief superfusion of 11-66 mM ethanol significantly increased GABA type A (GABA(A)) receptor-mediated inhibitory postsynaptic(More)
Immunocytochemical and electrophysiological evidence suggests that somatostatin may be a transmitter in the hippocampus. To characterize the ionic mechanisms underlying somatostatin effects, voltage-clamp and current-clamp studies on single CA1 pyramidal neurons in the hippocampal slice preparation were performed. Both somatostatin-28 and somatostatin-14(More)
Reversal of long-term potentiation by low-frequency stimulation is often referred to as depotentiation. However, it is not clear whether depotentiation induced by low-frequency stimulation and long-term depression (LTD) induced by similar stimuli are distinct phenomena. We have performed a series of experiments in area CA1 of rat hippocampal slices in which(More)
Although the synaptic physiology of the amygdala has been studied with single neuron recordings, the properties of the networks between the various nuclei have resisted characterization because of the limitations of field recording in a neuronally diffuse structure. We addressed this issue in the rat amygdala complex in vitro by using a photodiode array(More)
Studies have revealed that the amygdala formation is involved in emotional learning, attention, and autonomic functions. Although intra-amygdala connections have been described anatomically, the functional characteristics of these connections are not well understood. We used a rat brain slice preparation with a voltage-sensitive imaging system to compare(More)
Amnesia is one of the most common consequences of seizures. We modelled this phenomenon in the in vitro hippocampal slice preparation by examining effects of seizure-like activity on long-term potentiation (LTP). LTP is an expression of neuronal plasticity which has been correlated with learning. Electrographic seizures (EGSs) were induced in area CA1 by(More)
Endogenous opioid systems are implicated in the reinforcing effects of ethanol consumption. For example, delta opioid receptor (DOR) knockout (KO) mice show greater ethanol consumption than wild-type (WT) mice (Roberts et al., 2001). To explore the neurobiological correlates underlying these behaviors, we examined effects of acute ethanol application in(More)
Endogenous opioid systems are implicated in the actions of ethanol. For example, mu-opioid receptor (MOR) knockout (KO) mice self-administer less alcohol than the genetically intact counterpart wild-type (WT) mice (Roberts et al., 2000). MOR KO mice also exhibit less anxiety-like behavior than WT mice (Filliol et al., 2000). To investigate the(More)