Scott D. Hafeman

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BACKGROUND Recent advances toward an effective therapy for prion diseases employ RNA interference to suppress PrP(C) expression and subsequent prion neuropathology, exploiting the phenomenon that disease severity and progression correlate with host PrP(C) expression levels. However, delivery of lentivirus encoding PrP shRNA has demonstrated only modest(More)
Increased numbers of tumour-associated macrophages correlate with rapid tumour growth and metastasis in tumours. Thus, macrophage depletion has potential as a novel cancer therapy and positive responses have been reported in rodent tumour models. To investigate the effectiveness of this approach in dogs with cancer, we evaluated the effects of the(More)
Canine malignant histiocytosis (MH) is an aggressive neoplasm of macrophages and dendritic cells. It carries a poor prognosis because of the development of widespread metastasis and poor sensitivity to chemotherapy. Thus, there is a large need for new treatments for MH. We hypothesized that bisphosphonates might be useful to increase the effectiveness of(More)
Malignant histiocytosis (MH) is an aggressive cancer derived from myeloid lineage cells in both dogs and humans. In dogs, the tumor is characterized by the rapid development of metastatic tumors in multiple sites, including especially the lungs and lymph nodes. Humans develop an analogous disease known as Langerhans cell histiocytosis, which primarily(More)
Electric-field modeling provides insight into the laser damage resistance potential of nodular defects. The laser-induced damage threshold for high-reflector coatings is 13x lower at the third harmonic (351 nm) than at the first harmonic (1053 nm) wavelength. Linear and multiphoton absorption increases with decreasing wavelength, leading to a lower-third(More)
BACKGROUND The combination of lomustine, L-asparaginase, and prednisone (LAP) is an effective rescue treatment for canine lymphoma (LSA). In a previous study, we reported that remission was typically lost around the time L-asparaginase was discontinued. HYPOTHESIS Use of L-asparaginase with each lomustine treatment will be well tolerated and efficacious(More)
Depletion of tumor associated macrophages and inhibition of tumor angiogenesis have been invoked as the principle mechanisms underlying the antitumor activity of liposomal clodronate (LC). However, previous studies have not examined the effects of LC on systemic antitumor immunity. Here, we used mouse tumor models to elucidate the role of T and NK cells in(More)
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