Scott C. White

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After hip arthroplasty, many patients continue to exhibit abnormal gait patterns. The purpose of this study was to compare the vertical ground reaction forces of a group of 27 individuals who have undergone hip arthroplasty with a group of 35 normal control subjects. Specific force measures were determined from vertical ground reaction forces collected on a(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the changes in the vertical ground reaction force (VGRF) and ankle joint motion during the first 50% of the stance phase of running following fatiguing exercise of either the dorsiflexors or the invertors of the foot. VGRFs, sagittal and rearfoot kinematic data were collected from 11 female recreational runners(More)
An EMG-driven muscle model for determining muscle force-time histories during gait is presented. The model, based on Hill's equation (1938), incorporates morphological data and accounts for changes in musculotendon length, velocity, and the level of muscle excitation for both concentric and eccentric contractions. Musculotendon kinematics were calculated(More)
PURPOSE This research examined how ground reaction forces (GRF) changed with fatigue induced by an exhaustive treadmill run in female runners. A separate retrospective and prospective analysis correlated initial magnitude of GRF and fatigue-induced changes in GRF with lower-extremity injury. METHODS Ninety adult female runners had vertical GRF measured(More)
Investigating landing kinetics and neuromuscular control strategies during rapid deceleration movements is a prerequisite to understanding the non-contact mechanism of ACL injury. The purpose of this study was to quantify the effect of knee flexion angle on ground reaction forces, net knee joint moments, muscle co-contraction and lower extremity muscles(More)
Ghost crabs possess rapid running capabilities, which make them good candidates for comparing invertebrate exercise physiology with that of more extensively studied vertebrates. While a number of studies have examined various aspects of running physiology and biomechanics in terrestrial crabs, none to date have defined the basic skeletal muscle fiber types(More)
Unequal leg lengths result in asymmetric limb loading but opinions vary on the size of the difference inducing abnormal loading, and which limb sustains the greater load. Our study compared limb-loading asymmetries during walking for subjects with anatomic leg-length discrepancies between 1.0 and 3 cm, subjects without length discrepancies, and for subjects(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to compare vertical ground reaction forces walking overground with vertical foot-belt forces for treadmill gait. METHODS Twenty-four subjects walked overground and on a treadmill at three speeds (slow, normal, and fast), and at comparable cadences and stride length at each of the speeds. Treadmill and overground(More)
BACKGROUND Differences in anatomical alignment between genders have been suggested as causes of the disparity in anterior cruciate ligament injury rates. A larger Q-angle may be associated with increased knee valgus during movement resulting in anterior cruciate ligament strain. This study investigated whether healthy college-aged subjects with a large(More)