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We constructed a series of chimeric and mutant neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor beta subunits to map amino acid residues that determine sensitivity to competitive antagonists. The beta 2 and beta 4 subunits form pharmacologically distinct receptors when expressed in combination with the alpha 3 subunit in Xenopus oocytes. At equipotent(More)
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors are differentially sensitive to blockade by the competitive antagonist dihydro-beta-erythroidine. Both alpha and beta subunits participate in determining sensitivity to this antagonist. The alpha subunit contribution to dihydro-beta-erythroidine sensitivity is illustrated by comparing the alpha 4 beta 4 receptor(More)
The competitive antagonist alpha-conotoxin-MII (alpha-CTx-MII) is highly selective for the alpha3beta2 neuronal nicotinic receptor. Other receptor subunit combinations (alpha2beta2, alpha4beta2, alpha3beta4) are >200-fold less sensitive to blockade by this toxin. Using chimeric and mutant subunits, we identified amino acid residues of alpha3 and beta2 that(More)
We investigated the potential role of the alpha1-containing GABA(A) receptor in regulating the reinforcing properties of alcohol. To accomplish this, we developed 3-propoxy-beta-carboline hydrochloride (3-PBC), a mixed agonist-antagonist benzodiazepine site ligand with binding selectivity at the alpha1 receptor. We then tested the capacity of 3-PBC to block(More)
The presynaptic nicotinic modulation of dopamine release from striatal nerve terminals is well established, but the subtype(s) of neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) underlying this response has not been identified. Recently, alpha-conotoxin-MII has been reported to inhibit potently and selectively the rat alpha3beta2 combination of nAChR(More)
It has been hypothesized that alcohol addiction is mediated, at least in part, by specific gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA(A)) receptors within the ventral pallidum (VP). Among the potential GABA(A) receptor isoforms regulating alcohol-seeking behaviors within the VP, the GABA(A) alpha1 receptor subtype (GABA(A1)) appears pre-eminent. In the present study,(More)
The in vitro and in vivo pharmacological properties of N-(4-fluorophenylmethyl)-N-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)-N'-(4-(2-methylpropyloxy)phenylmethyl)carbamide (2R,3R)-dihydroxybutanedioate (2:1) (ACP-103) are presented. A potent 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(2A) receptor inverse agonist ACP-103 competitively antagonized the binding of [(3)H]ketanserin to(More)
BACKGROUND Previous research has implicated the alpha5-containing GABAA receptors of the hippocampus in the reinforcing properties of alcohol. In the present study, a selective GABAA alpha5 benzodiazepine inverse agonist (e.g., RY 023) was used in a series of in vivo and in vitro studies to determine the significance of the alpha5-receptor in the(More)
The primary purpose of the present series of experiments was to characterize the in vitro and in vivo pharmacology profile of 2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-N-(4-methyl-benzyl)-N-(1-methyl-piperidin-4-yl)-acetamide hydrochloride (AC-90179), a selective serotonin (5-HT2A) receptor inverse agonist, in comparison with the antipsychotics haloperidol and clozapine. The(More)
GABA receptors within the mesolimbic circuitry have been proposed to play a role in regulating alcohol-seeking behaviors in the alcohol-preferring (P) rat. However, the precise GABA(A) receptor subunit(s) mediating the reinforcing properties of EtOH remains unknown. We examined the capacity of intrahippocampal infusions of an alpha5 subunit-selective ((More)