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We have used a cell-based functional assay to define the pharmacological profiles of a wide range of central nervous system active compounds as agonists, competitive antagonists, and inverse agonists at almost all known monoaminergic G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) subtypes. Detailed profiling of 40 antipsychotics confirmed that as expected, most of these(More)
RATIONALE Clozapine is a unique antipsychotic, with efficacy against positive symptoms in treatment-resistant schizophrenic patients, and the ability to improve cognition and treat the negative symptoms characteristic of this disease. Despite its unique clinical actions, no specific molecular mechanism responsible for these actions has yet been described.(More)
The in vitro and in vivo pharmacological properties of N-(4-fluorophenylmethyl)-N-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)-N'-(4-(2-methylpropyloxy)phenylmethyl)carbamide (2R,3R)-dihydroxybutanedioate (2:1) (ACP-103) are presented. A potent 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(2A) receptor inverse agonist ACP-103 competitively antagonized the binding of [(3)H]ketanserin to(More)
We investigated the potential role of the alpha1-containing GABA(A) receptor in regulating the reinforcing properties of alcohol. To accomplish this, we developed 3-propoxy-beta-carboline hydrochloride (3-PBC), a mixed agonist-antagonist benzodiazepine site ligand with binding selectivity at the alpha1 receptor. We then tested the capacity of 3-PBC to block(More)
It has been hypothesized that alcohol addiction is mediated, at least in part, by specific gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA(A)) receptors within the ventral pallidum (VP). Among the potential GABA(A) receptor isoforms regulating alcohol-seeking behaviors within the VP, the GABA(A) alpha1 receptor subtype (GABA(A1)) appears pre-eminent. In the present study,(More)
BACKGROUND Previous research has implicated the alpha5-containing GABAA receptors of the hippocampus in the reinforcing properties of alcohol. In the present study, a selective GABAA alpha5 benzodiazepine inverse agonist (e.g., RY 023) was used in a series of in vivo and in vitro studies to determine the significance of the alpha5-receptor in the(More)
The primary purpose of the present series of experiments was to characterize the in vitro and in vivo pharmacology profile of 2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-N-(4-methyl-benzyl)-N-(1-methyl-piperidin-4-yl)-acetamide hydrochloride (AC-90179), a selective serotonin (5-HT2A) receptor inverse agonist, in comparison with the antipsychotics haloperidol and clozapine. The(More)
GABA receptors within the mesolimbic circuitry have been proposed to play a role in regulating alcohol-seeking behaviors in the alcohol-preferring (P) rat. However, the precise GABA(A) receptor subunit(s) mediating the reinforcing properties of EtOH remains unknown. We examined the capacity of intrahippocampal infusions of an alpha5 subunit-selective ((More)
The GluR2 subunit of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazoleproprionic acid (AMPA) receptor determines many of the biophysical properties of native AMPA receptors, including Ca++ permeability. Genetically engineered mice unable to edit the Q to R site of the GluR2 subunit die within 3 wk postpartum, presumably due to toxicity associated with enhanced(More)
Recent pharmacological studies have led to the hypothesis that aminoglycoside-induced ototoxicity is an excitotoxic process mediated, at least in part, by a polyamine-like modulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. To explore this hypothesis, we compared the effects of several aminoglycosides (neomycin B, kanamycin A, streptomycin, and(More)