Scott C. Farrow

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Recent advances in DNA sequencing technology and analytical mass spectrometry are providing unprecedented opportunities to develop the functional genomics resources required to investigate complex biological processes in non-model plants. Opium poppy produces a wide variety of benzylisoquinoline alkaloids (BIAs), including the pharmaceutical compounds(More)
Dormancy release in imbibed annual ryegrass (Lolium rigidum Gaud.) seeds is promoted in the dark but inhibited in the light. The role of abscisic acid (ABA) in inhibition of dormancy release was found to be negligible, compared with its subsequent effect on germination of dormant and non-dormant seeds. Inhibitors of ABA metabolism had the expected effects(More)
BACKGROUND Unregulated skin-piercing procedures potentially facilitate the transmission of bloodborne pathogens. In February, 1998, a patient who had recently received autohaemotherapy at an alternative medicine clinic in the UK was diagnosed with acute hepatitis B. The autohaemotherapy procedure involved the drawing of 1 mL of the patient's blood, mixing(More)
Benzylisoquinoline alkaloids (BIAs) represent a diverse class of plant specialized metabolites sharing a common biosynthetic origin beginning with tyrosine. Many BIAs have potent pharmacological activities, and plants accumulating them boast long histories of use in traditional medicine and cultural practices. The decades-long focus on a select number of(More)
Oxidative enzymes catalyze many different reactions in plant metabolism. Among this suite of enzymes are the 2-oxoglutarate/Fe(II)-dependent dioxygenases (2-ODDs). Cytochromes P450 (CYPs) as often considered the most versatile oxidative enzymes in nature, but the diversity and complexity of reactions catalyzed by 2-ODDs is superior to the CYPs. The list of(More)
Cytokinins (CKs) are a group of plant growth regulators that are involved in several plant developmental processes. Despite the breadth of knowledge surrounding CKs and their diverse functions, much remains to be discovered about the full potential of CKs, including their relationship with the purine salvage pathway, and other phytohormones. The most widely(More)
A measure termed the "benefit:premium ratio" is proposed to determine whether certain screening programs or high technology procedures are too expensive for Britain's National Health Service (NHS). Given that the NHS budget is finite, some programs, though proven effective, violate the principle of equity and reduce the benefits available to all(More)
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