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A cDNA encoding a human macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) was isolated, through functional expression cloning in COS-1 cells, from a cDNA library prepared from a lectin-stimulated T-cell hybridoma, T-CEMB. The 115-amino acid polypeptide encoded by the MIF cDNA (p7-1) was effectively released from the transfected COS-1 cells and yielded readily(More)
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) shares several biologic properties with IL-1, including hematopoietin-1 activity and stimulation of T cells. Because many of their biologic activities overlap, we developed and used a specific radioimmunoassay (RIA) for IL-6 to compare production of this cytokine on a molar basis with that of IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, and tumor necrosis(More)
MOTIVATION Researchers need general purpose methods for objectively evaluating the accuracy of single and metagenome assemblies and for automatically detecting any errors they may contain. Current methods do not fully meet this need because they require a reference, only consider one of the many aspects of assembly quality or lack statistical justification,(More)
APOBEC-1, which mediates the editing of apolipoprotein (apo) B mRNA, is the only known member of the C (cytidine)-->U (uridine) editing enzyme subfamily of the cytidine deaminase supergene family. Here we report the cloning of APOBEC-2, another member of the subfamily. Human and mouse APOBEC-2 both contain 224 amino acid residues, and their genes are mapped(More)
Using optimal culture conditions in which the transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) inhibitory loop has been interrupted by antisense TGF-beta 1 oligonucleotides or anti-TGF-beta serum, we have compared the proliferative capacities and the abilities of the CD34+ CD38- cell populations from bone marrow and umbilical cord blood to generate early(More)
DNA probes to the human interleukin 4 (IL4) and interleukin 6 (IL6) genes have been used for in situ hybridization to normal human chromosomes and Southern blot analysis of a series of mouse-human hybrid cell lines. IL4 maps to 5q31, the same location as IL5 and other haemopoietic growth factor genes. IL6 maps to 7p15. The significance of these locations is(More)
Human recombinant granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) was tested for its ability to induce colony formation in human bone marrow that had been enriched for progenitor cells. In addition to its expected granulocyte-monocyte colony-stimulating activity, the recombinant GM-CSF had burst-promoting activity for erythroid burst-forming units(More)
To facilitate the direct study of progenitor cell biology, we have developed a simple and efficient procedure based upon negative selection by panning to purify large numbers of committed erythroid and myeloid progenitors from human fetal liver. The nonadherent, panned cells constitute a highly enriched population of progenitor cells, containing 30.4 +/-(More)
Freshly separated PBL and two IL-2-dependent clonal T cell lines (TALL-103/2 [TCR-gamma delta+] and TALL-104 [TCR-alpha beta+]) were used to dissect, at the cellular and molecular levels, the mechanisms governing the enhancing effects of IL-12 on MHC nonrestricted cytotoxic activity. IL-12 induced cytotoxicity both in PBL and TALL cells, although less(More)