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Interleukin-6 (IL-6) shares several biologic properties with IL-1, including hematopoietin-1 activity and stimulation of T cells. Because many of their biologic activities overlap, we developed and used a specific radioimmunoassay (RIA) for IL-6 to compare production of this cytokine on a molar basis with that of IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, and tumor necrosis(More)
We have identified and purified a novel cytokine, NK cell stimulatory factor (NKSF), from the cell-free supernatant fluid of the phorbol diester-induced EBV-transformed human B lymphoblastoid cell line RPMI 8866. NKSF activity is mostly associated to a 70-kD anionic glycoprotein. The purified 70-kD protein, isolated from an SDS-PAGE gel, yields upon(More)
A cDNA encoding a human macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) was isolated, through functional expression cloning in COS-1 cells, from a cDNA library prepared from a lectin-stimulated T-cell hybridoma, T-CEMB. The 115-amino acid polypeptide encoded by the MIF cDNA (p7-1) was effectively released from the transfected COS-1 cells and yielded readily(More)
APOBEC-1, which mediates the editing of apolipoprotein (apo) B mRNA, is the only known member of the C (cytidine)-->U (uridine) editing enzyme subfamily of the cytidine deaminase supergene family. Here we report the cloning of APOBEC-2, another member of the subfamily. Human and mouse APOBEC-2 both contain 224 amino acid residues, and their genes are mapped(More)
Currently available evidence suggests that in the steady state, the majority of hematopoietic stem cells are dormant in cell cycle and reside in the so-called G0 period. Studies in our laboratory indicated that once a stem cell leaves G0, its subsequent proliferation requires the presence of interleukin-3 (IL-3). Recently it was reported that interleukin-1(More)
Viral infections are frequently associated with haematological disorders. Abnormalities including leukopenia, anaemia and thrombocytopenia are commonly observed in patients with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) or the AIDS-related complex (ARC). The underlying cause of these haematological abnormalities is poorly understood. We report here(More)
Freshly separated PBL and two IL-2-dependent clonal T cell lines (TALL-103/2 [TCR-gamma delta+] and TALL-104 [TCR-alpha beta+]) were used to dissect, at the cellular and molecular levels, the mechanisms governing the enhancing effects of IL-12 on MHC nonrestricted cytotoxic activity. IL-12 induced cytotoxicity both in PBL and TALL cells, although less(More)
MOTIVATION Researchers need general purpose methods for objectively evaluating the accuracy of single and metagenome assemblies and for automatically detecting any errors they may contain. Current methods do not fully meet this need because they require a reference, only consider one of the many aspects of assembly quality or lack statistical justification,(More)
Using optimal culture conditions in which the transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) inhibitory loop has been interrupted by antisense TGF-beta 1 oligonucleotides or anti-TGF-beta serum, we have compared the proliferative capacities and the abilities of the CD34+ CD38- cell populations from bone marrow and umbilical cord blood to generate early(More)
The blast stem cells of acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) respond in cell culture to growth factors by both self-renewal and terminal divisions. Both of these functions have been shown to be stimulated by the recombinant growth factors granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). In this paper,(More)