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Cyanobacteria are abundant throughout most of the world's water bodies and contribute significantly to global primary productivity through oxygenic photosynthesis. This reaction is catalysed by two membrane-bound protein complexes, photosystem I (PSI) and photosystem II (PSII), which both contain chlorophyll-binding subunits functioning as an internal(More)
In the presence of covariate measurement error, estimating a regression function nonparametrically is extremely difŽ cult, the problem being related to deconvolution. Various frequentist approaches exist for this problem, but to date there has been no Bayesian treatment. In this article we describe Bayesian approaches to modeling a  exible regression(More)
CONTEXT Antiarrhythmic drugs are commonly used for prevention of recurrent atrial fibrillation (AF) despite inconsistent efficacy and frequent adverse effects. Catheter ablation has been proposed as an alternative treatment for paroxysmal AF. OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of catheter ablation compared with antiarrhythmic drug therapy (ADT) in(More)
RATIONALE Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a bronchoscopic procedure in which controlled thermal energy is applied to the airway wall to decrease smooth muscle. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of BT versus a sham procedure in subjects with severe asthma who remain symptomatic despite treatment with high-dose inhaled corticosteroids and(More)
In recent years, imaging based, automated, non-invasive, and non-destructive high-throughput plant phenotyping platforms have become popular tools for plant biology, underpinning the field of plant phenomics. Such platforms acquire and record large amounts of raw data that must be accurately and robustly calibrated, reconstructed, and analysed, requiring(More)
Using various nanomanipulating instruments, solvated polymers are simultaneously formed into fibers, adhered to solid supports, and interconnected in real-time to create suspended fiber bridges and networks of specified geometries. Fibers from 50 nm to 20 μm diameter have been drawn individually and in parallel using single tips and tip arrays. The speed(More)
BACKGROUND Whether closure of a patent foramen ovale is effective in the prevention of recurrent ischemic stroke in patients who have had a cryptogenic stroke is unknown. We conducted a trial to evaluate whether closure is superior to medical therapy alone in preventing recurrent ischemic stroke or early death in patients 18 to 60 years of age. METHODS In(More)
Multiple comparisons and other multiplicities are among the most difficult of problems that face statisticians, frequentists, and Bayesians alike. An example is the analysis of the many types of adverse events (AEs) that are recorded in drug clinical trials. We propose a three-level hierarchical mixed model. The most basic level is type of AE. The second(More)