Learn More
Understanding cortical information processing in Huntington's disease (HD), a genetic neurological disorder characterized by prominent motor and cognitive abnormalities, is key to understanding the mechanisms underlying the HD behavioral phenotype. We recorded extracellular spike activity in two symptomatic, freely behaving mouse models: R6/2 transgenics,(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant condition that compromises behavioral output. Dysfunction of medium spiny neurons (MSNs), which are the sole output system of the striatum, is thought to underlie HD pathophysiology. What is not known is how HD alters MSN information processing during behavior, which likely drives the HD behavioral(More)
The striatum, which processes cortical information for behavioral output, is a key target of Huntington's disease (HD), an autosomal dominant condition characterized by cognitive decline and progressive loss of motor control. Increasing evidence implicates deficient glutamate uptake caused by a down-regulation of GLT1, the primary astroglial glutamate(More)
Membrane and morphological abnormalities occur in the striatum of R6/2 transgenics, a widely used mouse model of Huntington's disease. To assess changes in behavior-related neuronal activity, we implanted micro-wire bundles in the striatum of symptomatic R6/2 mice and wild-type controls. Unit activity was recorded in an open-field arena once weekly for the(More)
A corticostriatal-dependent deficit in the release of ascorbate (AA), an antioxidant vitamin and neuromodulator, occurs concurrently in striatum with dysfunctional GLT1-dependent uptake of glutamate in the R6/2 mouse model of Huntington's disease (HD), an autosomal dominant condition characterized by overt corticostriatal dysfunction. To determine if(More)
A behavior-related deficit in the release of ascorbate (AA), an antioxidant vitamin, occurs in the striatum of R6/2 mice expressing the human mutation for Huntington's disease (HD), a dominantly inherited condition characterized by striatal dysfunction. To determine the role of corticostriatal fibers in AA release, we combined slow-scan voltammetry with(More)
Abnormal electrophysiological activity in the striatum, which receives dense innervation from the cerebral cortex, is believed to set the stage for the behavioral phenotype observed in Huntington's disease (HD), a neurodegenerative condition caused by mutation of the huntingtin (mhtt) protein. However, cortical involvement is far from clear. To determine(More)
The R6/2 mouse line expresses exon 1 of the human gene for Huntington disease (HD) and shows behavioral symptoms as early as 6 weeks of age. In the striatum, a forebrain target of HD, these animals show a behavior-related deficit in extracellular ascorbate, the deprotonated form of vitamin C. We report here that this deficit may contribute to the HD(More)
BACKGROUND In Huntington's disease (HD), motor symptoms develop prior to the widespread loss of neurons in striatum and cerebral cortex. The aim of this study was to examine dysfunctional patterns of corticostriatal communication during spontaneously occurring behaviors in a transgenic mouse model of HD. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Local field(More)
BACKGROUND Huntington's disease (HD) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder characterized by cortico-striatal dysfunction and loss of glutamate uptake. At 7 weeks of age, R6/2 mice, which model an aggressive form of juvenile HD, show a glutamate-uptake deficit in striatum that can be reversed by treatment with ceftriaxone, a beta-lactam antibiotic that(More)