Learn More
BACKGROUND In heart failure, the cardiovascular response to activation of the skeletal muscle exercise pressor reflex (EPR) is exaggerated. Group IV afferent neurons, primarily stimulated by the metabolic by-products of skeletal muscle work, contribute significantly to the EPR. Therefore, it was postulated that alterations in the activity of group IV(More)
There are four closely-related dengue virus (DENV) serotypes. Infection with one serotype generates antibodies that may cross-react and enhance infection with other serotypes in a secondary infection. We demonstrated that DENV serotype 2 (DENV2)-specific human monoclonal antibody (HMAb) 2D22 is therapeutic in a mouse model of antibody-enhanced severe dengue(More)
Introduction Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) provides MR contrasts sensitive to tissue microstructure. Diffusion tensors can be estimated from 1 non-diffusion-weighted (DW) and at least 6 DW images [1], but more are commonplace to boost the signal-to-noise ratio. Substantial theoretical and experimental work has gone into developing optimized DW schemes with(More)
Several studies have reported the morphological changes induced by unilateral enucleation during early neonatal life on the developing visual system. This study has examined cellular changes in the superior colliculi by removal of a single eye in adult rats. Anaesthetised male hooded rats aged 90 d had their right eyes removed. Groups of nonenucleated(More)
UNLABELLED Following natural dengue virus (DENV) infection, humans produce some antibodies that recognize only the serotype of infection (type specific) and others that cross-react with all four serotypes (cross-reactive). Recent studies with human antibodies indicate that type-specific antibodies at high concentrations are often strongly neutralizing in(More)
Dengue virus (DENV) infects ~400 million people annually. There is no licensed vaccine or therapeutic drug. Only a small fraction of the total DENV-specific antibodies in a naturally occurring dengue infection consists of highly neutralizing antibodies. Here we show that the DENV-specific human monoclonal antibody 5J7 is exceptionally potent, neutralizing(More)
Dengue virus (DENV), which consists of four serotypes (DENV1-4), infects over 400 million people annually. Previous studies have indicated most human monoclonal antibodies (HMAbs) from dengue patients are cross-reactive and poorly neutralizing. Rare neutralizing HMAbs are usually serotype-specific and bind to quaternary structure-dependent epitopes. We(More)
Young [n = 5, 30 +/- 5 (SD) yr] and middle-aged (n = 4, 58 +/- 4 yr) men and women performed single-leg knee-extension exercise inside a whole body magnetic resonance system. Two trials were performed 7 days apart and consisted of two 2-min bouts and a third bout continued to exhaustion, all separated by 3 min of recovery. 31P spectra were used to determine(More)
1. This investigation was designed to determine the contribution of central command to the resetting of the carotid baroreflex during static and dynamic exercise in humans. 2. Thirteen subjects performed 3.5 min of static one-legged exercise (20 % maximal voluntary contraction) and 7 min dynamic cycling (20 % maximal oxygen uptake) under two conditions:(More)
Inflammation is a major contributor to the neuropathological consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Previous studies have shown that proinflammatory complement activation fragments are present in the injured brain within the first 24 h after trauma. To investigate whether complement activation within the injured brain leads to the neuropathology and(More)