Scott A. Troutman

Learn More
Rac1b, an alternative splice form of Rac1, has been previously shown to be upregulated in colon and breast cancer cells, suggesting an oncogenic role for Rac1b in these cancers. Our analysis of NSCLC tumor and matched normal tissue samples indicates Rac1b is upregulated in a significant fraction of lung tumors in correlation with mutational status of K-ras.(More)
The Hippo-Yap signaling pathway regulates a number of developmental and adult cellular processes, including cell fate determination, tissue growth, and tumorigenesis. Members of the scaffold protein angiomotin (Amot) family interact with several Hippo pathway components, including Yap (Yes-associated protein), and either stimulate or inhibit Yap activity.(More)
The Merlin/NF2 tumor suppressor restrains cell growth and tumorigenesis by controlling contact-dependent inhibition of proliferation. We have identified a tight-junction-associated protein complex comprising Merlin, Angiomotin, Patj, and Pals1. We demonstrate that Angiomotin functions downstream of Merlin and upstream of Rich1, a small GTPase Activating(More)
The MRL mouse has been shown to display an epimorphic regenerative response after ear hole punching leading to complete closure within 30 days and cartilage regrowth. The regenerative capacity of the MRL has also been seen after a severe cryoinjury to the heart leads to complete healing without scarring and functional myocardium. The wound healing ear hole(More)
Abstract The MRL mouse has been shown to display unusual healing properties. In particular, when the ear pinna is hole punched, the hole that is made closes completely without scarring, with reformation of hair follicles and sebaceous glands, and regrowth of cartilage. Initial studies using (MRL/lpr × C57BL/6) F2 and backcross mice showed that this(More)
The p21-activated kinases (PAKs) are immediate downstream effectors of the Rac/Cdc42 small G-proteins and implicated in promoting tumorigenesis in various types of cancer including breast and lung carcinomas. Recent studies have established a requirement for the PAKs in the pathogenesis of Neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2), a dominantly inherited cancer(More)
K-ras is the most commonly mutated oncogene in pancreatic cancer and its activation in murine models is sufficient to recapitulate the spectrum of lesions seen in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Recent studies suggest that Notch receptor signaling becomes reactivated in a subset of PDACs, leading to the hypothesis that Notch1 functions as an(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is believed to arise from precursor lesions termed pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PanIN). Mouse models have demonstrated that targeted expression of activated K-ras to mature acinar cells in the pancreas induces the spontaneous development of PanIN lesions; implying acinar-to-ductal metaplasia (ADM) is a key event in(More)
The Notch pathway has been implicated in a number of malignancies with different roles that are cell- and tissue-type dependent. Notch1 is a putative oncogene in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and activation of the pathway represents a negative prognostic factor. To establish the role of Notch1 in lung adenocarcinoma, we directly assessed its(More)
Iddm4 is one of several susceptibility genes that have been identified in the BB rat model of type 1 diabetes. The BB rat allele of this gene confers dominant predisposition to diabetes induction by immune perturbation in both the diabetes-prone and the diabetes-resistant substrains, whereas the Wistar Furth (WF) allele confers resistance. We have(More)