Scott A. Trammell

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The photosynthetic reaction center (RC) found in photosynthetic bacteria is one of the most advanced photoelectronic devices developed by nature. However, after immobilization on the electrode surface, the efficiency of electron transfer (ET) between the RC and the electrode is relatively low. This inefficiency has limited the possibility of using the RC(More)
Coupling of photosynthetic reaction centers (RCs) with inorganic surfaces is attractive for the identification of the mechanisms of interprotein electron transfer (ET) and for possible applications in construction of photo- and chemosensors. Here we show that RCs from Rhodobacter sphaeroides can be immobilized on gold surfaces with the RC primary donor(More)
Multiple copies ( approximately 20) of Escherichia coli maltose binding protein (MBP) were coordinated to luminescent semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) via a C-terminal oligohistidine segment. The MBP was labeled with a sulfo-N-hydroxysuccinimide-activated photochromic BIPS molecule(More)
The use of semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) for bioimaging and sensing has progressively matured over the past decade. QDs are highly sensitive to charge-transfer processes, which can alter their optical properties. Here, we demonstrate that QD-dopamine-peptide bioconjugates can function as charge-transfer coupled pH sensors. Dopamine is normally(More)
We report a flexible strategy for transducing ligand-binding events into electrochemical responses for a wide variety of proteins. The method exploits ligand-mediated hinge-bending motions, intrinsic to the bacterial periplasmic binding protein superfamily, to establish allosterically controlled interactions between electrode surfaces and redox-active,(More)
The construction of efficient light energy converting (photovoltaic and photoelectronic) devices is a current and great challenge in science and technology and one that will have important economic consequences. Here we show that the efficiency of these devices can be improved by the utilization of a new type of nano-organized material having photosynthetic(More)
A new type of monolayer of photosynthetic reaction centers (RC) with the primary donor facing the carbon electrode has been constructed using a new bifunctional linker and genetically engineered protein. Comparison of protein in two different orientations with linkers binding to the opposite sides of the protein demonstrates the possibility of utilizing the(More)
Electrode-immobilized microperoxidase-11 exhibited a titratable potentiometric response to imidazole, demonstrating both molecular recognition and the capability for "switchable" changes in the affinity of an immobilized redox-receptor for a target ligand.
Simultaneous detection of multiple independent fluorescent signals or signal multiplexing has the potential to significantly improve bioassay throughput and to allow visualization of concurrent cellular events. Applications based on signal multiplexing, however, remain hard to achieve in practice due to difficulties in both implementing hardware and the(More)
Heme proteins can perform a variety of electrochemical functions. While natural heme proteins carry out particular functions selected by biological evolution, artificial heme proteins, in principle, can be tailored to suit specified technological applications. Here we describe initial characterization of the electrochemical properties of a de novo heme(More)