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OBJECTIVE To determine the extent to which neighborhood needs (socioeconomic deprivation and vehicle availability) are associated with two criteria of food environment access: 1) distance to the nearest food store and fast food restaurant and 2) coverage (number) of food stores and fast food restaurants within a specified network distance of neighborhood(More)
Supermarkets are considered by many researchers as the sole retail source of fruits and vegetables for consumer choice. There has been limited study of all types of food stores as potential opportunities for purchase of fresh and processed (canned and frozen) fruits and vegetables, especially in rural areas. In this paper, data from the Brazos Valley Food(More)
BACKGROUND Ecologic studies have shown a relationship between alcohol outlet densities, illicit drug use and violence. The present study examined this relationship in the City of Houston, Texas, using a sample of 439 census tracts. Neighborhood sociostructural covariates, alcohol outlet density, drug crime density and violent crime data were collected for(More)
OBJECTIVE There has been limited study of all types of food stores, such as traditional (supercenters, supermarkets, and grocery stores), convenience stores, and non-traditional (dollar stores, mass merchandisers, and pharmacies) as potential opportunities for purchase of fresh and processed (canned and frozen) fruits and vegetables, especially in(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about risk factors for childhood rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) and the histology-specific details are rare. METHODS Case-control studies formed by linking cancer and birth registries of California, Minnesota, New York, Texas and Washington, which included 583 RMS cases (363 embryonal and 85 alveolar RMS) and 57 966 randomly selected(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals and families are relying more on food prepared outside the home as a source for at-home and away-from-home consumption. Restricting the estimation of fast-food access to fast-food restaurants alone may underestimate potential spatial access to fast food. METHODS The study used data from the 2006 Brazos Valley Food Environment(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between residential exposure to fast-food entrées, using two measures of potential spatial access: proximity (distance to the nearest location) and coverage (number of different locations), and weekly consumption of fast-food meals. METHODS Traditional fast-food restaurants and(More)
BACKGROUND Carcinomas in children are rare and have not been well studied. METHODS We conducted a population-based case-control study and examined associations between birth characteristics and childhood carcinomas diagnosed from 28 days to 14 years during 1980-2004 using pooled data from five states (NY, WA, MN, TX, and CA) that linked their birth and(More)
BACKGROUND Little has been reported on socioeconomic (SES) patterns of risk for most forms of childhood cancer. METHODS Population-based case-control data from epidemiological studies of childhood cancer conducted in five US states were pooled and associations of maternal, paternal and household educational attainment with childhood cancers were analysed.(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies of prenatal exposure to drinking-water nitrate and birth defects in offspring have not accounted for water consumption patterns or potential interaction with nitrosatable drugs. OBJECTIVES We examined the relation between prenatal exposure to drinking-water nitrate and selected birth defects, accounting for maternal water(More)