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BACKGROUND Smoking is a potent cardiovascular risk factor and is associated with proinflammatory and prothrombotic responses. The CD40/CD40 ligand (CD40L) dyad and platelet-monocyte aggregation mediate a range of proinflammatory and prothrombotic processes thought to be important in atherothrombosis. We investigated whether expression of the CD40/CD40L dyad(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary intake of fish rich in omega-3 fatty acids is associated with a reduction in cardiovascular events. The mechanisms for this are uncertain and previous studies investigating effects on platelet function have produced inconsistent results. Platelet-monocyte aggregation is a sensitive marker of platelet activation and may contribute to the(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is associated with a proinflammatory and prothrombotic state. We investigated whether CD40 ligand (L) expression and platelet-monocyte aggregation are increased in patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and soluble (s) CD40L concentrations,(More)
BACKGROUND Radial access for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has been shown to reduce access site complications, improve patient comfort and reduce mortality. Use of a sheathless guiding catheter for transradial PCI has the potential reduce trauma to the radial artery and to further expand the type of cases where this approach can be utilised. We(More)
Platelet-monocyte aggregates are increasingly being used to quantify platelet activation. The variables that influence platelet-monocyte aggregates have not been well defined. We sought to determine the effect of blood collection, handling and processing techniques on detected levels of platelet-monocyte aggregates using a flow cytometric assay. Whole blood(More)
BACKGROUND No long-term data on implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) exist in Australasia. AIMS We examined all patients receiving a new ICD implant at Wellington Hospital between January 2001 and December 2005 to determine long-term outcomes in this patient population. METHODS Follow-up data were collected and Kaplan-Meier curves were(More)
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a common complication of cardiac catheterization, reported to result in a 15% incidence of acute renal failure. Convincing evidence supports the prophylactic use of prehydration and low volumes of contrast medium. Recently, the antioxidant acetylcysteine has been shown to have a potential preventive role. The aim of(More)
Platelet-monocyte binding and surface P-selectin expression are sensitive markers of platelet activation. Endothelium-derived factors are known to inhibit platelet activation and may confer important anti-atherothrombotic effects. We assessed the relationship between platelet activation and endothelium-dependent vasomotion in patients with coronary heart(More)
BACKGROUND The anti-chlamydial antibiotic, azithromycin, may improve outcome in patients who survive an acute coronary syndrome. The mechanisms are, however, poorly understood. The aims of this study were to define any relationship between Chlamydia pneumoniae seropositivity and levels of specific markers of endothelial activation (soluble cell adhesion(More)