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Induction of the urokinase type plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR) promotes cell adhesion through its interaction with vitronectin (VN) in the extracellular matrix, and facilitates cell migration and invasion by localizing uPA to the cell surface. We provide evidence that this balance between cell adhesion and cell detachment is governed by PA(More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) binds to the somatomedin B (SMB) domain of vitronectin. It inhibits the adhesion of U937 cells to vitronectin by competing with the urokinase receptor (uPAR; CD87) on these cells for binding to the same domain. Although the inhibitor also blocks integrin-mediated cell adhesion, the molecular basis of this effect is(More)
The effects of bovine activated protein C (APC) on the fibrinolytic activity of cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells were investigated. Confluent monolayers were incubated with purified APC under various conditions and changes in total fibrinolytic activity and in the level of plasminogen activator and plasminogen activator inhibitor (antiactivator)(More)
The binding of urokinase plaminogen activator (uPA) to its cell surface receptor (uPAR; CD87) promotes cell adhesion by increasing the affinity of the receptor for both vitronectin (VN) and integrins. We provide evidence that plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 can detach cells by disrupting uPAR-VN and integrin-VN interactions and that it does so by(More)
Regulation of the human type 1 plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) promoter by transforming growth factor-beta (TGF beta) was studied. An 800-base pair fragment from the PAI-1 promoter and 5'-flanking region was fused to the firefly luciferase reporter gene and transfected into Hep3B human hepatoma cells. Treatment of the cells with TGF beta induced(More)
Type I plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI-1) is the primary inhibitor of tissue- and urokinase-type plasminogen activators. It circulates in plasma complexed with vitronectin (VN), the primary PAI-1 binding protein. The somatomedin B (SMB) domain of VN contains both the high affinity PAI-1 binding site and the specific site for urokinase plasminogen(More)
CHO-K1 requires proline for growth. Two proline-independent revertants were isolated--K1-J and K1-6. CHO-K1 pro- is much more sensitive than the pro+ cell lines to inhibition of growth by addition to the medium of amino acids and amino acid analogues that are transported through the A system. In contrast, pro+ cells are as sensitive as, or in some cases(More)
To define the cis-acting elements involved in the regulation of the murine vitronectin (Vn) gene in inflammation, the 5'-flanking region was isolated, fused to the luciferase reporter gene, and the basal and interleukin 6 (IL-6)-stimulated transcriptional activity was tested in transfection experiments using Hep3B cells. Treatment with IL-6 induced this(More)
Plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 is an important component of the fibrinolytic system and its biosynthesis is subject to complex regulation. To study this regulation at the level of transcription, we have identified and sequenced the promoter of the human plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 gene. Nuclease protection experiments were performed by(More)
Transgenic mice expressing transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) in the pancreatic beta-islet cells directed by human insulin promoter were produced to study in vivo effects of TGF-beta 1. Fibroblast proliferation and abnormal deposition of extracellular matrix were observed from birth onward, finally replacing almost all the exocrine pancreas.(More)