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We adopted a rational approach to design cationic lipids for use in formulations to deliver small interfering RNA (siRNA). Starting with the ionizable cationic lipid 1,2-dilinoleyloxy-3-dimethylaminopropane (DLinDMA), a key lipid component of stable nucleic acid lipid particles (SNALP) as a benchmark, we used the proposed in vivo mechanism of action of(More)
Leukocytes are central regulators of inflammation and the target cells of therapies for key diseases, including autoimmune, cardiovascular, and malignant disorders. Efficient in vivo delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) to immune cells could thus enable novel treatment strategies with broad applicability. In this report, we develop systemic delivery(More)
Organic anion transporters (OATs) play a pivotal role in the clearance of small organic anions by the kidney, yet little is known about how their activity is regulated. A yeast two-hybrid assay was used to identify putative OAT3-associated proteins in the kidney. Atypical protein kinase Czeta (PKCzeta) was shown to bind to OAT3. Binding was confirmed in(More)
The emerging class of RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutics is a fundamentally novel approach to treating human disease by enabling the pursuit of molecular targets considered "undruggable" by small molecules and traditional protein therapeutics. A key challenge toward realizing the full potential of this technology is the safe and efficient delivery of(More)
In recent years, RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutics, most notably with lipid nanoparticle-based delivery systems, have advanced into human clinical trials. The results from these early clinical trials suggest that lipid nanoparticles (LNPs), and the novel ionizable lipids that comprise them, will be important materials in this emerging field of medicine.(More)
Since the discovery of RNA interference (RNAi), researchers have identified a variety of small interfering RNA (siRNA) structures that demonstrate the ability to silence gene expression through the classical RISC-mediated mechanism. One such structure, termed "Dicer-substrate siRNA" (dsiRNA), was proposed to have enhanced potency via RISC-mediated gene(More)
Hemophilia A and B are inherited bleeding disorders characterized by deficiencies in procoagulant factor VIII (FVIII) or factor IX (FIX), respectively. There remains a substantial unmet medical need in hemophilia, especially in patients with inhibitory antibodies against replacement factor therapy, for novel and improved therapeutic agents that can be used(More)
siRNA therapeutics have promise for the treatment of a wide range of genetic disorders. Motivated by lipoproteins, we report lipopeptide nanoparticles as potent and selective siRNA carriers with a wide therapeutic index. Lead material cKK-E12 showed potent silencing effects in mice (ED50 ∼ 0.002 mg/kg), rats (ED50 < 0.01 mg/kg), and nonhuman primates (over(More)
We report the isolation and structural characterization of the full-length gene and cDNA for a novel mouse ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter, Abca13. The mRNA, isolated from mouse kidney, is 6.7 kb in size and encodes a protein consisting of 2143 amino acids with a predicted molecular weight of 240 kDa. The Abca13 gene consists of 44 exons which span(More)
Formulation of short interfering RNA (siRNA) into multicomponent lipid nanoparticles (LNP) is an effective strategy for hepatic delivery and therapeutic gene silencing. This study systematically evaluated the effect of polyethylene glycol (PEG) density on LNP physicochemical properties, innate immune response stimulation, and in vivo efficacy. Increased PEG(More)