Scot C Leary

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Although striated muscles differ in mitochondrial content, the extent of fiber-type specific mitochondrial specializations is not well known. To address this issue, we compared mitochondrial structural and functional properties in red muscle (RM), white muscle (WM), and cardiac muscle of rainbow trout. Overall preservation of the basic relationships between(More)
Deficiencies in the activity of cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the terminal enzyme in the respiratory chain, are a frequent cause of autosomal recessive mitochondrial disease in infants. These patients are clinically and genetically heterogeneous, and all defects so far identified in this group have been found in genes coding for accessory proteins that play(More)
Mitochondria are responsible for the generation of ATP to fuel muscle contraction. Hypermetabolic stresses imposed upon muscles can lead to mitochondrial proliferation, but the resulting mitochondria greatly resemble their progenitors. During the mitochondrial biogenesis that accompanies phenotypic adaptation, the stoichiometric relationships between(More)
We studied the interaction between energy metabolism and mitochondrial biogenesis during myogenesis in C2C12 myoblasts. Metabolic rate was nearly constant throughout differentiation, although there was a shift in the relative importance of glycolytic and oxidative metabolism, accompanied by increases in pyruvate dehydrogenase activation state and total(More)
The bulk of ATP consumed by various cellular processes in higher eukaryotes is normally produced by five multimeric protein complexes (I-V) embedded within the inner mitochondrial membrane, in a process known as oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). Maintenance of energy homeostasis under most physiological conditions is therefore contingent upon the ability(More)
Deficiencies in the activity of cytochrome c oxidase (COX) are an important cause of autosomal recessive respiratory chain disorders. Patients with isolated COX deficiency are clinically and genetically heterogeneous, and mutations in several different assembly factors have been found to cause specific clinical phenotypes. Two of the most common clinical(More)
Human SCO1 and SCO2 are paralogous genes that code for metallochaperone proteins with essential, but poorly understood, roles in copper delivery to cytochrome c oxidase (COX). Mutations in these genes produce tissue-specific COX deficiencies associated with distinct clinical phenotypes, although both are ubiquitously expressed. To investigate the molecular(More)
The function of human Sco1 and Sco2 is shown to be dependent on copper ion binding. Expression of soluble domains of human Sco1 and Sco2 either in bacteria or the yeast cytoplasm resulted in the recovery of copper-containing proteins. The metallation of human Sco1, but not Sco2, when expressed in the yeast cytoplasm is dependent on the co-expression of(More)
Human SCO1 and SCO2 code for essential metallochaperones with ill-defined functions in the biogenesis of the CuA site of cytochrome c oxidase subunit II (CO II). Here, we have used patient cell lines to investigate the specific roles of each SCO protein in this pathway. By pulse-labeling mitochondrial translation products, we demonstrate that the synthesis(More)
We examined whether the relationships between mitochondrial enzyme activity, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and mitochondrial RNA (mtRNA) were conserved in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) tissues that differ widely in their metabolic and molecular organization. The activity of citrate synthase (CS), expressed either per gram of tissue or per milligram of(More)