Learn More
Two new human ABC transporters, ABCC11 and ABCC12, were cloned from a cDNA library of human adult liver. ABCC11 and ABCC12 genes consist of 30 and 29 exons, respectively, and they are tandemly located in a tail-to-head orientation on human chromosome 16q12.1. The predicted amino acid sequences of both gene products show a high similarity with ABCC5. The(More)
We characterized a microbial strain that was isolated from a hot spring at a geothermal area in Hakone, Japan. This isolate, whose lobed-shaped cells were about 1.0 micron in diameter, was a facultative chemolitho-autotroph that required aerobic conditions for growth. The optimum pH was 3.0 (pH range, 1.0 to 4.0), and the optimum temperature was 70 degrees(More)
In the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), secretory and membrane proteins are properly folded and modified, and the failure of these processes leads to ER stress. At the same time, unfolded protein response (UPR) genes are activated to maintain homeostasis. Despite the thorough characterization of the individual gene regulation of UPR genes to date, further(More)
The chromosomal structure of the extremely halophilic archaebacterium Halobacterium salinarium was examined. Sheared chromosomes prepared from the bacteria in the late exponential phase were separated into two peaks (peaks I and II) by sucrose gradient centrifugation, suggesting that the chromosomes consist of two parts differing in quality. The UV spectra(More)
Chromosomes of the halophilic archaebacterium Halobacterium salinarium were examined by electron microscopy after being spread onto water. The major part of the chromosomal DNA was associated with protein particles with diameter of 9.4 nm, arranged tandemly along the DNA fibers. Thus, the primary structure of the chromosome resembles that of eucaryote(More)
Spore formation of 15 rifampin-resistant (Rifr) mutants of Bacillus subtilis strain 168 was examined. As a pleiotropic effect of a Rifr mutation, glutamate synthase activity was lost in these mutants. Twelve of the 15 mutants examined formed as many spores as the parent, but the remaining 3 formed significantly fewer (1%) spores. One of the latter mutants(More)
  • 1