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BACKGROUND It has been well documented that pre-eclampsia and unexplained fetal growth restriction (FGR) have a common etiological background, but little is known about their linkage at the molecular level. The aim of this study was to further investigate the mechanisms underlying pre-eclampsia and unexplained FGR. METHODS We analyzed differentially(More)
Recent findings have raised the possibility that polymorphisms within the annexin A5 gene (ANXA5) promoter contribute to the etiology of recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). In our present study, 243 Japanese women who had suffered more than three fetal losses and a group of 119 fertile controls were genotyped for four ANXA5 gene promoter single-nucleotide(More)
We tried to reveal the strain specificity of neutralizing mAbs against H3N2 influenza viruses in individuals. A large number of B lymphocytes of a pediatrician were collected by apheresis and two Ab libraries were constructed at 2004 and 2007 by using the phage-display technology. The libraries were screened against 12 different H3 strains of flu isolated(More)
OBJECTIVE It is well documented that anti-angiogenic factors are likely to play essential roles in the etiology of pre-eclampsia. Apelin is a small peptide that may potentially act as an angiogenic factor. The expression of apelin was examined at the RNA and protein levels in this study. METHODS We compared the expression of apelin, examined using(More)
PROBLEM To investigate the contribution of genomic variations in the indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) gene to the onset of pre-eclampsia. METHOD OF STUDY We examined sequence variations in the IDO1 gene using placental genomic DNA from 35 pre-eclamptic patients and 32 normotensive pregnant women. RESULTS A case-control study revealed that none of the(More)
Through extensive isolation of neutralizing mAbs against H3N2 influenza viruses representing the in vivo repertoire in a human donor, we examined the relationships between antigenic drift of influenza virus and protective antibodies generated in an infected individual. The majority of mAbs isolated from a donor born in 1960 were divided into three major(More)
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