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Full-length cDNAs encoding three forms of vitellogenin (Vg) were obtained from a liver cDNA library of estrogen-treated red seabream, Pagrus major. Two of the three Vg sequences had high homology with type-A and -B Vgs (VgA and VgB) of other teleosts. The third red seabream Vg was classified as a type-C or phosvitinless (Pvl) Vg due to its lack of a(More)
The objectives of this study were to characterize multiple forms of vitellogenin (Vg) in mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) and to discover the fate of each Vg during its processing into product yolk proteins. Two Vg preparations, with apparent masses of 600 kDa (600 Vg) and 400 kDa (400 Vg), were isolated from the plasma of fish treated with estradiol-17beta(More)
Three complete cDNAs encoding different forms of vitellogenin (Vtg) were isolated from a white perch (Morone americana) liver cDNA library and characterized with respect to immunobiochemical and functional features of the three Vtgs and their product yolk proteins (YPs) in this species and in the congeneric striped bass (Morone saxatilis). The two longest(More)
To elucidate the molecular mechanisms underling hydration during oocyte maturation, we characterized the structure of Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica) novel-water selective aquaporin 1 (AQP1b) that thought to be involved in oocyte hydration. The aqp1b cDNA encodes a 263 amino acid protein that includes the six potential transmembrane domains and two(More)
We previously demonstrated the presence of three forms of vitellogenin (Vg), two 600 kDa Vgs (600Vg; VgA and VgB) and a 400 kDa Vg (400Vg; phosvitinless Vg) in plasma from maturing female viviparous mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis. For further quantitative elucidation of the accumulation and utilization of the multiple Vg-derived yolk proteins, two sandwich(More)
Seven yolk proteins (YPs), four large lipoproteins (YPs1-4) and three minor yolk components (YPs5-7) including one phosphoprotein (YP7), were purified from extracts of vitellogenic ovaries of grey mullet (Mugil cephalus) by combinations of hydroxylapatite, ion exchange, immunoadsorbent, and gel filtration chromatography. The molecular masses of native YP1,(More)
A new method for visualizing small and multiple phosvitins (Pvs) in oocytes from a marine teleost was developed by a combination of gel filtration, alkaline phosphatase treatment, and SDS-PAGE followed by silver staining. Three distinct Pv polypeptides having molecular masses of 15 kDa, 8 kDa, and 7 kDa were visualized in vitellogenic follicle extract of(More)
Commercial catches of barfin flounder Verasper moseri, an important target flatfish for stock enhancement programs in northern Japan, have recovered remarkably since the large-scale release of seedlings from Hokkaido in 2006. However, their reproductive ecology remains unclear. Our study of 2008–2012 investigated seasonal changes in the maturity of stocked(More)
The objective of this study is to establish a method for acquiring large quantities of high-quality eggs for artificial fertilization from hatchery-reared broodstock of spotted halibut Verasper variegatus. We estimated the optimum conditions for implantation of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analog (LHRHa) cholesterol pellet (LHRHa-CP) to induce(More)
Sea urchins of both sexes store the nutrients necessary for gametogenesis in nutritive phagocytes of the agametogenic gonad. A zinc-binding protein termed the major yolk protein (MYP) is stored here as two isoforms: the egg-type (predominant in egg yolk granules) and the coelomic fluid-type (a precursor with greater zinc-binding capacity). MYP is used(More)