Sayoki GM Mfinanga

Learn More
Although bovine tuberculosis is widespread throughout Africa, very little is known about risk factors for Mycobacterium bovis infection in either human or cattle populations. A human case-control study was conducted in northern Tanzania, comparing risk factors and prevalence of cattle interdermal test positives of cases (cervical adenitis cases from which(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of adult mortality in low-income countries but data on the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension are scarce, especially in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This study aims to assess the prevalence of hypertension and determinants of blood pressure in four SSA populations in rural(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess risk factors and mycobacterial agents in mycobacterial adenitis. DESIGN Cross sectional involving comparison analysis of high-risk groups. SETTING Seven hospitals in rural and semi-rural districts of Arusha. SUBJECTS The study comprised of 457 patients of clinically diagnosed mycobacterial adenitis. INTERVENTIONS Biopsy materials(More)
Tanzania has a high tuberculosis incidence, and genotyping studies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the country are necessary in order to improve our understanding of the epidemic. Spoligotyping is a potentially powerful genotyping method due to fast generation of genotyping results, high reproducibility and low operation costs. The recently constructed(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the magnitude and factors responsible for delay in TB management. DESIGN A cross sectional hospital based survey in Dar es Salaam region, May 2006. RESULTS We interviewed 639 TB patients. A total of 78.4% of patients had good knowledge on TB transmission. Only 35.9% had good knowledge on the symptoms. Patient delay was observed in(More)
SETTING Arusha, Tanzania. OBJECTIVE To determine tribal differences in knowledge and practices that might influence tuberculosis control. METHOD Twenty-seven villages were selected randomly out of 242 villages in four districts. In each village, a general and a livestock keeping group were selected at random. The households were home-visited and 426(More)
SETTING Little is known about the outcome of tuberculosis (TB) treatment and subsequent survival of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients treated under routine programme conditions in a developing country. We followed a cohort of HIV-positive and HIV-negative tuberculosis patients during therapy and assessed their vital and tuberculosis(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence of anti-tuberculosis drug resistance in a national representative sample of tuberculosis (TB) patients in Tanzania according to recommended methodology. DESIGN Cluster survey, with 40 clusters sampled proportional to size, of notified TB patients from all diagnostic centres in the country. RESULTS The survey enrolled(More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculosis is the commonest opportunistic infection and the number one cause of death in HIV/AIDS patients in developing countries. To address the extent of the tuberculosis HIV coinfection in rural Tanzania we conducted a cross sectional study including HIV/AIDS patients attending care and treatment clinic from September 2006 to March 2007. (More)
BACKGROUND The amount of CD4 T cells is used for monitoring HIV progression and improvement, and to make decisions to start antiretroviral therapy and prophylactic drugs for opportunistic infections. The aim of this study was to determine normal reference values for CD4 T cells, lymphocytes, leucocytes and haemoglobin level in healthy, HIV negative(More)