Sayan Bagchi

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In a study on the nature of induced genetic variations in quantitative characters using the selfpollinated plant Arabidopsis thaliana, it was observed that not only quantitative performance but also intraline variability, or developmental instability, was affected by induced mutations. Emphasis was placed on the latter. Seeds of Landsberg strain were used.(More)
Vibrational probes can provide a direct readout of the local electrostatic field in complex molecular environments, such as protein binding sites and enzyme active sites. This information provides an experimental method to explore the underlying physical causes of important biomolecular processes such as binding and catalysis. However, specific chemical(More)
Enzymes use protein architecture to impose specific electrostatic fields onto their bound substrates, but the magnitude and catalytic effect of these electric fields have proven difficult to quantify with standard experimental approaches. Using vibrational Stark effect spectroscopy, we found that the active site of the enzyme ketosteroid isomerase (KSI)(More)
Myoglobin (Mb) double mutant T67R/S92D displays peroxidase enzymatic activity in contrast to the wild type protein. The CO adduct of T67R/S92D shows two CO absorption bands corresponding to the A(1) and A(3) substates. The equilibrium protein dynamics for the two distinct substates of the Mb double mutant are investigated by using two-dimensional infrared(More)
Electrostatic interactions provide a primary connection between a protein's three-dimensional structure and its function. Infrared probes are useful because vibrational frequencies of certain chemical groups, such as nitriles, are linearly sensitive to local electrostatic field and can serve as a molecular electric field meter. IR spectroscopy has been used(More)
Noncovalent interactions, in particular the hydrogen bonds and nonspecific long-range electrostatic interactions are fundamental to biomolecular functions. A molecular understanding of the local electrostatic environment, consistently for both specific (hydrogen-bonding) and nonspecific electrostatic (local polarity) interactions, is essential for a(More)
Myoglobin is an important protein for the study of structure and dynamics. Three conformational substates have been identified for the carbonmonoxy form of myoglobin (MbCO). These are manifested as distinct peaks in the IR absorption spectrum of the CO stretching mode. Ultrafast 2D IR vibrational echo chemical exchange experiments are used to observed(More)
The carboxylate side chains of Asp and Glu have significant coupling with the amide states of the backbone of the Villin headpiece. In two-dimensional spectroscopy, cross peaks are observed between these side chains and the main amide-I band. To model the absorption of the side chains, the electric field variations of vibrational frequencies of a carboxylic(More)
A nitrile-labeled amino acid, p-cyanophenylalanine, is introduced near the active site of the semisynthetic enzyme ribonuclease S to serve as a probe of protein dynamics and fluctuations. Ribonuclease S is the limited proteolysis product of subtilisin acting on ribonuclease A, and consists of a small fragment including amino acids 1-20, the S-peptide, and a(More)
The mechanism of cold denaturation in proteins is often incompletely understood due to limitations in accessing the denatured states at extremely low temperatures. Using atomistic molecular dynamics simulations, we have compared early (nanosecond timescale) structural and solvation properties of yeast frataxin (Yfh1) at its temperature of maximum stability,(More)