Sayali A Ranadive

Learn More
OBJECTIVE X-linked nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (XNDI), caused by mutations in the V2 vasopressin receptor (V2R), is clinically distinguished from central diabetes insipidus (CDI) by elevated serum vasopressin (AVP) levels and unresponsiveness to 1-desamino-8-d-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP). We report two infants with XNDI, and present the characterization(More)
Human obesity has a strong genetic component. Most genes that influence an individual's predisposition to gain weight are not yet known. However, the study of extreme human obesity caused by single gene defects has provided a glimpse into the long-term regulation of body weight. These monogenic obesity disorders have confirmed that the hypothalamic(More)
Bariatric surgery is often successful for treatment of severe obesity. The mechanisms of weight loss after bariatric surgery and the role of central energy homeostatic pathways in this weight loss process are not well understood. The study of individuals with complete loss of function of genes important in the leptin–melanocortin system may help establish(More)
Neonatal diabetes mellitus is rare, may either be transient or permanent, and may be caused by mutations in any of the several different genes. Until recently, most forms of permanent neonatal diabetes required lifelong subcutaneous insulin for management; however, permanent neonatal diabetes due to activating mutations in the KCNJ11 gene, which encodes the(More)
Fluid homeostasis requires adequate water intake, regulated by an intact thirst mechanism and appropriate free water excretion by the kidneys, mediated by appropriate secretion of arginine vasopressin (AVP, also known as antidiuretic hormone). AVP exerts its antidiuretic action by binding to the X chromosome-encoded V2 vasopressin receptor (V2R), a G(More)
Isolated adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency (IAD) is extraordinarily rare, and the clinical manifestations of its accompanying adrenal insufficiency are diverse. Early-onset forms of IAD have been linked to mutations in the Tpit transcription factor gene TPIT; however, the genetic basis of juvenile- or late-onset IAD is unknown. Herein, we(More)
Nephrogenic Syndrome of Inappropriate Antidiuresis (NSIAD) is a novel disease caused by a gain-of-function mutation in the V2 vasopressin receptor (V2R), which results in water overload and hyponatremia. We report the effect of water loading in a 3-year old boy with NSIAD, diagnosed in infancy, to assess urine aquaporin-2 (AQP2) excretion as a marker for(More)
The central melanocortin system is essential for the regulation of long-term energy homeostasis in humans. Rodent experiments suggest that this system also affects glucose metabolism, in particular by modulating peripheral insulin sensitivity independently of its effect on adiposity. Rare patients with complete genetic defects in the central melanocortin(More)
CONTEXT Aromatase inhibitors are used off-label to treat short stature in peripubertal boys. OBJECTIVE To investigate short- and long-term hormonal and auxologic differences in short pubertal boys treated with letrozole (L) or anastrozole (A). DESIGN PATIENTS are seen for laboratory evaluation and physical examination every 6 months, bone age yearly,(More)
  • 1