Sayaka Tanaka

Learn More
The mammalian habenula is involved in regulating the activities of serotonergic and dopaminergic neurons. It consists of the medial and lateral habenulae, with each subregion having distinct neural connectivity. Despite the functional significance, manipulating neural activity in a subset of habenular pathways remains difficult because of the poor(More)
Presenilin-dependent γ-secretase cleavage of several transmembrane proteins, including amyloid-β precursor protein and Notch, mediates the intramembrane proteolysis to liberate their intracellular domains that are involved in cellular signaling. Considering γ-secretase inhibitors as therapeutics for Alzheimer's disease, understanding the physiologically and(More)
The present study investigated the immunohistochemical distributions and mRNA expressions of myocardial hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 alpha and its downstream factors, erythropoietin (Epo) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), in cardiac deaths. Medico-legal autopsy cases (n=114, within 48-h postmortem) of cardiac deaths (n=58) and control cases(More)
The design and construction of nanoreactors are important for biomedical applications of enzymes, but lipid- and polymeric-vesicle-based nanoreactors have some practical limitations. We have succeeded in preparing enzyme-loaded polyion complex vesicles (PICsomes) through a facile protein-loading method. The preservation of enzyme activity was confirmed even(More)
BACKGROUND This study aimed to investigate the association between non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). METHODS This was a case control study of patients who underwent surgical resection either for ICC or for a metastatic liver tumor (the control group). We assessed their clinical characteristics, pathological(More)
In response to hypoxic stress, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α is a critical transcription factor regulating fundamental cellular processes, and its elevated expression level and activity are associated with poor outcomes in most malignancies. The transcription factor Yin Yang 1 (YY1) is an important negative regulator of the tumor suppressor factor p53.(More)
Previous studies showed significant differences in postmortem urea nitrogen (UN), creatinine (Cr) and uric acid (UA) levels in heart blood depending on the causes of death, including acute death. In addition, the levels in pericardial fluid approximated the clinical serum reference ranges, and their elevations may be assessed based on clinical criteria. The(More)
Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in the blood are clinical markers for the diagnosis of cardiac failure. This study was a comprehensive analysis of the postmortem pericardial levels of the natriuretic peptides in serial medico-legal autopsy cases (n=263, within 72 h postmortem) to assess their validity in investigating(More)
OBJECTIVE Lymph node (LN) metastasis is one of the most important prognostic factors for undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer (EGC). The aim of this study was to examine expansion of micrometastasis in regional LNs to clarify the importance of lymphadenectomy for undifferentiated-type EGC. METHODS Clinicopathological features of 307 patients with(More)
The protein nestin, a neuronal stem cell marker, has been reported to indicate a poor prognosis in various tumours. Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is one of the most aggressive malignancies in humans, and its molecular background has not been identified. The present study evaluated the expression of nestin and its significance in ATC. Tissue samples from(More)