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Tumor suppressor p53-dependent stress response pathways play an important role in cell fate determination. In this study, we have found that glucose depletion promotes the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha (AMPKalpha) in association with a significant up-regulation of p53, thereby inducing p53-dependent apoptosis in(More)
Polysialic acid (polySia) is a unique polysaccharide that modifies neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) spatiotemporally. Recently, we demonstrated that polySia functions as a reservoir for several neurotrophic factors and neurotransmitters. Here, we showed the direct interaction between polySia and fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2) by native-PAGE, gel(More)
In response to DNA damage, p73 plays a critical role in cell fate determination. In this study, we have found that Plk1 (polo-like kinase 1) associates with p73, phosphorylates p73 at Thr-27, and thereby inhibits its pro-apoptotic activity. During cisplatin-mediated apoptosis in COS7 cells in which the endogenous p53 is inactivated by SV40 large T antigen,(More)
A type III secretion system (T3SS) is utilized by a large number of gram-negative bacteria to deliver effectors directly into the cytosol of eukaryotic host cells. One essential component of a T3SS is an ATPase that catalyzes the unfolding of proteins, which is followed by the translocation of effectors through an injectisome. Here we demonstrate a(More)
NFBD1/MDC1 is a large nuclear protein with an anti-apoptotic potential which participates in DNA damage response. Recently, we have demonstrated that NFBD1 has an inhibitory effect on pro-apoptotic p53 and DNA damage-induced transcriptional repression of NFBD1 plays an important role in p53-dependent apoptotic response. In this study, we have found that(More)
Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), large anionic glycopolymers, are the glycan portion of proteoglycans and are important components of the extracellular matrix. Recently we reported that polysialic acid, a polyanionic glycopolymer specific to the brain, binds neurotrophic factors to form a large complex. It is not clear whether GAGs also bind neurotrophic factors(More)
8-oxoguanosine, which is derived from the oxidation of guanosine (dG), is known to induce transversion mutations (G:C-->T:A) in DNA. The compounds with a small molecular weight for recognizing 8-oxoG were designed on the basis of the structure of the G-clamp, which is reported to have selective affinity toward guanosine. The G-clamp derivatives with the(More)
BACKGROUND Although researchers have suggested that consumer art can help reduce the stigma of mental illness, there is little evidence of the attitudes of the Japanese public towards such artwork. MATERIAL A total of 277 Japanese visitors attending an exhibition of visual arts by people with mental illness completed a short questionnaire. DISCUSSION(More)
The 8-oxoG-clamp, a specific fluorescent probe for 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG), was incorporated into the oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) within or at the 3'-end of the purine and the pyrimidine sequences. Based on the UV-melting temperature, the 8-oxoG-clamp showed slightly lower stabilizing effects on the duplexes containing 8-oxo-dG at the complementary(More)